Luverne, Alabama

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Luverne, Alabama
City
Luverne in 2012
Luverne in 2012
Nickname(s): "Friendliest City in the South"
Location in Crenshaw County and the state of Alabama
Location in Crenshaw County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Country United States
State Alabama
County Crenshaw
Founded 1889
Incorporated February 6, 1891
Founded by M.P. Legrand, S.D. Hubbard, and George A. Folmar
Government
 • Type Mayor/City Council
 • Mayor Joe Rex Sport
Area
 • Total 15.7 sq mi (40.6 km2)
 • Land 15.6 sq mi (40.5 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 354 ft (108 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,800
 • Density 179/sq mi (69.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36049
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-44728
GNIS feature ID 0122110
Website www.luverne.org

Luverne is a city in Crenshaw County, Alabama, United States. The community bills itself as "The Friendliest City in the South". At the 2010 census the population was 2,800.[1] The city is the county seat of Crenshaw County.

History

The town of Luverne was founded in 1889 in the central part of Crenshaw County with the intention of becoming the terminus of the Montgomery and Florida Railroad Company. The new station was a success and Luverne grew. In 1893, the citizens of Crenshaw County voted to move the county seat from Rutledge to the more populous Luverne.[2]

Geography

Luverne is located at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found..[3] The town of Rutledge lies along Luverne's western border.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.7 square miles (40.6 km2), of which 15.6 square miles (40.5 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.17%, is water.[1]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 451
1900 731 62.1%
1910 1,384 89.3%
1920 1,464 5.8%
1930 1,874 28.0%
1940 2,243 19.7%
1950 2,221 −1.0%
1960 2,238 0.8%
1970 2,440 9.0%
1980 2,639 8.2%
1990 2,555 −3.2%
2000 2,635 3.1%
2010 2,800 6.3%
Est. 2014 2,835 [4] 1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2013 Estimate[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 2,635 people, 1,107 households, and 710 families residing in the city.[8] The population density was 212.7 inhabitants per square mile (82.1/km2). There were 1,249 housing units at an average density of 100.8 per square mile (38.9/km2).[9][9] The racial makeup of the city was 70.25% White, 28.43% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 0.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[8]

There were 1,107 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together (2.4% same-sex couples), 19.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.85.[8]

In the city the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 23.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 77.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.1 males.[8]

The median income for a household in the city was $22,457, and the median income for a family was $30,950. Males had a median income of $30,680 versus $17,813 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,244. About 19.2% of families and 22.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.[8]

2010 census

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 2,800 people, 1,135 households, and 729 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 62.6% White, 29.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 5.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. 1.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,135 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together (2.4% same-sex couples), 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,602, and the median income for a family was $51,500. Males had a median income of $43,464 versus $19,483 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,869. About 12.6% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

  • Primary and secondary education

Public education for the city of Luverne is provided by the Crenshaw County School District. There are two schools in the city: Luverne High School (grades K through 12) and Crenshaw Christian Academy, a private, religiously oriented K-12 school.

  • Post-secondary education

Lurleen B. Wallace Community College offers certificate and two-year associate degrees at its Luverne location.

Media

  • Newspaper
    • Luverne Journal (weekly)

Notable people

Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Luverne city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 10, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Sanford, William (December 10, 2009). "Luverne". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved January 28, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 "Fact Sheet- Luverne city, Alabama". American Fast Facts. United States Census Bureau.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Geographic Comparison Table- Alabama". American Fast Facts. United States Census Bureau.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links