Любо́вь Орло́ва (Russian)
Postage Stamp, Russia, 2001
|Born||Lyubov Petrovna Orlova
January 29, 1902
Zvenigorod, Russian Empire, Russia
|Died||January 26, 1975
Moscow, Russian SFSR, USSR
|Cause of death||Pancreatic Cancer|
|Resting place||Novodevichy Cemetery
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|Occupation||Actor, Pianist, Singer, Dancer|
(Unknown-1975; her death)
Lyubov Petrovna Orlova, (Russian: Любо́вь Петро́вна Орло́ва; 29 January [O.S. 16 January] 1902, Zvenigorod – 26 January 1975, Moscow) was the first recognized star of Soviet cinema, famous theatre actress and a gifted singer.
Orlova studied in Moscow Conservatory but did not graduate because she had to work to support her parents. Her first husband, a Soviet economist Andrei Berezin, was arrested in 1930. However, this did not affect her successful career.
Orlova's performance in a very popular 1934 comedy, Jolly Fellows, earned the young star the sympathy of Stalin and the title "Honorable actor of the RSFSR". Soon she married the movie director Grigori Aleksandrov.
In the next years, she starred in four popular movies which also became instant Soviet classics: Circus (1936), Volga-Volga (1938), Bright Path (1940), and Spring (1947). She was awarded the Stalin Prize (1941). In 1950, she became the first woman to receive the title of the People's Artist of the USSR exclusively for her cinematic works. After that, she switched to playing in theatre productions of Yuri Zavadsky's company.
A minor planet, 3108 Lyubov, discovered by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Zhuravlyova in 1972, is named after her. Her first and last name are also meaningful words in Russian: любовь means "love", and Орлова is the feminine form of орлов "eagle".
A cruise ship named after the actress was built by the Soviet Union in Yugoslavia in 1976 for expeditions to Antarctica and the Arctic Circle. In early 2014, after years in private hands, bankruptcy, and reportedly being set adrift in the North Atlantic by Canadian authorities, the abandoned hulk gained attention for possibly being overrun by rats and threatening to run aground on European Atlantic shores.
- 1933 - Petersburg Night
- 1934 - Jolly Fellows
- 1936 - Circus
- 1938 - Volga-Volga
- 1940 - Shining Path (?)
- 1943 - A Family
- 1946 - Springtime (Special award for female role, Venice Film Festival)
- 1950 - Encounter at the Elbe
- 1950 - Mussorgsky
- 1952 - Composer Glinka
- 1960 - Russian Souvenir
- Dictionary of Minor Planet Names - p. 256
- Hubbard, Amy, "Ghost ship Lyubov Orlova and starving rats headed for land?", Los Angeles Times, January 23, 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- Layne, Ken, "Abandoned Cruise Ship Full of Starving Rats Headed For Land", Gawker, 1/23/14. Retrieved via facebook 2014-02-08.
- (English) (Russian) Site-Museum of Lyubov Orlova
- Lyubov Orlova at the Internet Movie Database
- (Russian) "Ее советское сиятельство", ("Her Soviet Serenity") an article in Kommersant-Money.