Madison County, Florida

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Madison County, Florida
Madison County FLA crths01.jpg
Madison County Courthouse
Map of Florida highlighting Madison County
Location in the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded 26 December 1827
Named for James Madison
Seat Madison
Largest city Madison
 • Total 716 sq mi (1,854 km2)
 • Land 696 sq mi (1,803 km2)
 • Water 220 sq mi (570 km2), 2..8%
 • (2010) 19,224
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Madison County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,224.[1] Its county seat is Madison, Florida.[2] Madison is a wet county as of August 28, 2012, meaning that the sale, possession, or distribution of alcoholic beverages is legal.[3]


Madison County was created in 1827.[4] It was named for James Madison, fourth President of the United States of America, who served from 1809 to 1817.[5]

The small hamlet of Greenville in Madison County was the childhood home of rhythm and blues giant Ray Charles.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 716 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 696 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (2.8%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,644
1850 5,490 107.6%
1860 7,779 41.7%
1870 11,121 43.0%
1880 14,798 33.1%
1890 14,316 −3.3%
1900 15,446 7.9%
1910 16,919 9.5%
1920 16,516 −2.4%
1930 15,614 −5.5%
1940 16,190 3.7%
1950 14,197 −12.3%
1960 14,154 −0.3%
1970 13,481 −4.8%
1980 14,894 10.5%
1990 16,569 11.2%
2000 18,733 13.1%
2010 19,224 2.6%
Est. 2014 18,518 [7] −3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 18,733 people, 6,629 households, and 4,680 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 7,836 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 57.49% Caucasian, 40.30% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 3.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,629 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.90% were married couples living together, 17.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 107.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,533, and the median income for a family was $31,753. Males had a median income of $25,255 versus $19,607 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,511. About 18.90% of families and 23.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.10% of those under age 18 and 22.50% of those age 65 or over.

Unemployment: 7.8% (Sep 2014)


Major highways

  • I-10.svg Interstate 10 is the main interstate highway through Madison County, running west and east through the panhandle from Alabama to Jacksonville. Four interchanges exist in the county at US 221 south of Greenville, (Exit 241), SR 14 (Exit 251) and SR 53 (Exit 258) south of Madison, and CR 255 south of Lee (Exit 262).
  • US 19.svgUS 27.svg US 19/27 is a multiplexed pair of south-to-north US highways in the southwestern corner of the county known as the Florida-Georgia Parkway.
  • US 90.svg US 90 was the main west-to-east route through Madison County until it was supplanted by I-10.
  • US 221.svg US 221 is the main south-to-north US highway in western Madison County.
  • Florida 6.svg State Road 6 runs northeast from US 90 into Jasper in Hamilton County east of Madison.
  • Florida 14.svg State Road 14 is a short state road from I-10 to US 90 in Madison, with a western county extension in Taylor and Madison Counties, and a truck route to SR 53 (see below)
  • Florida 53.svg State Road 53
  • Florida 145.svg State Road 145


Madison County has at least two railroad lines. The primary one is a CSX line formerly owned by the Seaboard Air Line Railroad that served Amtrak's Sunset Limited until it was truncated to New Orleans in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina. Madison (Amtrak station) was Madison County's only active railroad station until that point. The other one is owned by the Georgia and Florida Railway, and runs in close proximity to US 221 throughout Madison County.


Madison County is served by the Suwannee River Regional Library System, which contains 8 branches and also serves Hamilton and Suwannee counties.

  • Branford
  • Greenville
  • Jasper
  • Jennings
  • Lee
  • Live Oak
  • Madison
  • White Springs


Hanson on State Road 145



Unincorporated communities

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 32.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 196.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 15, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Tourism links

Miscellaneous links

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