Maksatikhinsky District

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Maksatikhinsky District
Максатихинский район (Russian)
250px
Location of Maksatikhinsky District in Tver Oblast
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Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2014)
Administrative center urban-type settlement of Maksatikha[1]
Administrative divisions:[citation needed]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 3
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Urban-type settlements[2] 1
Rural localities 292
Municipal structure (as of October 2014)
Municipally incorporated as Maksatikhinsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 3
Statistics
Area 2,766 km2 (1,068 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 16,723 inhabitants[6]
• Urban 52.3%
• Rural 47.7%
Density 6.05/km2 (15.7/sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[8]
Official website
[[:commons:Category:{{#property:Commons category}}|Maksatikhinsky District]] on WikiCommons

Maksatikhinsky District (Russian: Макса́тихинский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Lesnoy District in the north, Sandovsky and Molokovsky Districts in the northeast, Bezhetsky District in the east, Rameshkovsky and Likhoslavlsky Districts in the south, Spirovsky and Vyshnevolotsky Districts in the southwest, and with Udomelsky District in the west. The area of the district is 2,766 square kilometers (1,068 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the urban locality (an urban-type settlement) of Maksatikha.[1] Population: 16,723 (2010 Census);[6] 20,644 (2002 Census);[9] 24,414 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Maksatikha accounts for 52.3% of the district's total population.[6]

Geography

File:Volchina right.JPG
The Volchina River at Maksatikha

The whole area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Mologa River, a major tributary of the Rybinsk Reservoir. The source of the Mologa is in the southeastern part of the district. The river flows east, exits the district, and re-enters it again in the central and northern part. In particular, the settlement of Maksatikha is located on the banks of the Mologa. The major tributary of the Mologa within the district is the Volchina River (left).

History

Since the Middle Ages, the area was on the eastern border of Novgorod Lands. In the 15th century, together with Novgorod, it was transferred to the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Saint Petersburg Governorate (before 1710, Ingermanland Governorate). In 1727, Novgorod Governorate was split off, and the western part of the current area of the district was transferred to Novgorod Governorate. At the same time, the eastern part was transferred to Moscow Governorate. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates. The whole area of the current district was transferred to Tver Viceroyalty. In 1796, Tver Viceroyalty was transformed into Tver Governorate.[11] The area was split between Bezhetsky and Vyshnevolotsky Uyezds.

On July 12, 1929 the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Maksatikhinsky District, with the administrative center in the settlement of Maksatikha, was established within Bezhetsk Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Maksatikhinsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast.[11]

On July 9, 1937 Maksatikhinsky District was included into Karelian National Okrug, which was established as a Tver Karelians autonomy. On February 7, 1939 the okrug was abolished.[11] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

On June 1, 1936 Brusovsky District with the administrative center in the settlement of Brusovo was established as a part of Kalinin Oblast. On November 14, 1960, it was abolished and split between Maksatikhinsky and Udomelsky Districts.[11]

On July 9, 1937, Kozlovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Kozlovo was established as a part of Karelian National Okrug. On February 7, 1939 it was subordinated directly to Kalinin Oblast. On July 4, 1956 it was abolished and split between Maksatikhinsky and Spirovsky Districts.[11]

Economy

Industry

There are enterprises of timber and food industry in the district.[12]

Agriculture

The main agricultural specializations of the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production and vegetables farming.[13]

Transportation

The railway connecting Rybinsk and Bologoye via Bezhetsk crosses the district from east to west. Maksatikha is the principal station within the district.

Maksatikha is connected by roads with Tver via Rameshki, with Bezhetsk, with Vyshny Volochyok, and with Lesnoye. There are also local roads with bus traffic originating from Maksatikha.

Culture and recreation

The district contains seventeen cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally twenty-five objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The federal monuments include the complex of the Nikolo-Terebenevsky Monastery in the selo of Truzhenik, the Dormition Church in the selo of Dobryni, built in the middle of the 18th century, as well as a number of archeological sites.[14]

Maksatikhnsky District is one of four districts of Tver Oblast with a significant number of Tver Karelians.[15]

References

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 240», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 240, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  2. The count of urban-type settlements includes the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Law #4-ZO
  4. Law #36-ZO
  5. 5.0 5.1 Максатихинский район (in Russian). Администрация Максатихинского района. Retrieved October 7, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1". Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved October 17, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Промышленность (in Russian). Администрация Максатихинского района. Retrieved October 16, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Максатихинский район (in Russian). Администрация Максатихинского района. Retrieved October 16, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved October 14, 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Манаков, А.Г. (2002). Геокультурное пространство северо-запада Русской равнины: Динамика, структура, иерархия (in Russian). Pskov: Центр «Возрождение». ISBN 5-902166-02-0.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Sources

  • Template:RussiaAdmMunRef/tve/munlist0
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №36-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Максатихинский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №110-ЗО от 24 декабря 2014 г. «О представительных органах и главах вновь образованных муниципальных образований Тверской области и внесении изменения в Приложение №1 к Закону Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Максатихинский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #36-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Maksatikhinsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #110-ZO of December 24, 2014 On the Representative Bodies and Heads of the Newly Established Municipal Formations in Tver Oblast and on Amending Appendix #1 to the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Maksatikhinsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).