View of Mamelodi
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|Municipality||City of Tshwane|
|• Total||45.19 km2 (17.45 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||98.9%|
|First languages (2011)|
|• Northern Sotho||42.3%|
|• S. Ndebele||8.8%|
|Postal code (street)||0122|
|Area code||+27 (0)12|
Mamelodi, part of the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality, is a township set up by the then apartheid government northeast of Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa. It was established when 16 houses were built on the farm Vlakfontein in June 1953 and later the name changed to Mamelodi, the name given to president Paul Kruger by the Africans because of his ability to whistle and imitate birds, also meaning Mother of Melodies. The Group Areas Act designated Mamelodi as a blacks-only area, though this became moot with the fall of apartheid in 1994. In the 1960s black citizens where forcefully removed from the suburb of Lady Selbourne in Pretoria to Mamelodi, Ga-Rankuwa and Atteridgeville. Anti-apartheid activist Reverend Nico Smith preached in Mamelodi from 1982–1989, and obtained permission to live there himself from 1985–1989. During that period, he and his wife Ellen were the only whites legally allowed to live in Mamelodi. The township still has vastly more blacks than any other group as of 2010.
Since 2001 Mamelodi has had a large AIDS outreach program helping several thousand orphans in the community. Mamelodi is home to the largest AIDS Hospice Center in South Africa with 140 beds available free of charge.
Society and culture
The University of Pretoria operates a campus in Mamelodi. The campus in Mamelodi was incorporated to the University of Pretoria on 2 January 2004.
There are different organisations and groups that are working towards improving the standard of living and education levels within the township. One of these is the The Mamelodi Trust which operates within five schools in the area.
Mamelodi has produced football stars like Themba Mguni, Daniel "Mambush" Mudau, Sammy Zindos and Joel 'Fire' Masilela who were both sported from Mamelod Publican FC by Sundowns.
It is also the home of Edward "MaGents" Motale: former Bafana bafana and Orlando Pirates player to wear the coveted Gold stars for winning both the African cup of Nations and African Nations cup for club and country.
The HM Pitje Stadium is located in Mamelodi.
Life in Mamelodi
There are a lot of informal settlements in Mamelodi. The housing problem is so great in the area, but it is proving impossible to keep up with the demand.
One major outreach program in Mamelodi is the Viva Foundation. Viva works to support orphans and vulnerable children, as well as giving community members business and skills training. Viva's Mamelodi compound is host to a preschool, small store, kitchen, and safe house for orphans. Viva has also worked to produce a "living art gallery" by painting several homes surrounding the compound.
The U.S. Embassy operates the Mae Jemison Science Reading Room in Mamelodi. This stand-alone building on the University of Pretoria campus has a small library, computers, and an auditorium. It is used for after-school reading, tutoring, and other activities by students in Mamelodi.
Another major outreach project situated on the University of Pretoria Mamelodi Campus is the Itsoseng Clinic, a psychological clinic providing free psychological services to the community of Pretoria. The Clinic is a project of the University of Pretoria's Department of Psychology and is in operation since 1994. The clinic collaborates with other helping services, i.e. policing services, hospitals, crisis centra, orphanages, hospices, etc. in the community to address issues related to poverty, crime, unemployment, such as substance and alcohol abuse, domestic violence, HIV/Aids related issues and learning and other difficulties. This is the only psychological facility in the community offering free services to the community. Services are provided by volunteers, students, interns and professional university staff.
- Meanwhile in Mamelodi (2011), Documentary film about the daily life of a family in the Mamelodi township
- The Mamelodi Mesh, part of the Wireless Africa programme of the Meraka Institute
- "Mamelodi Heritage Route Launched". South African Ministry for Environmental Affairs and Tourism. 2000-09-22. Retrieved 2009-08-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Main Place Mamelodi". Census 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Hevesi, Dennis (2010-06-21). "Nico Smith, White Minister Who Fought Apartheid, Dies at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-06-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Reportage on Informal Settlements in Mamelodi, 2010 by Film City Productions