Maria Smith-Falkner

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Maria Natanovna Smith-Falkner (Russian: Мария Натановна Смит-Фалькнер; February 16 [February 4, Old Style], 1878 in Taganrog – March 7, 1968 in Moscow) was a Soviet economist and statistician of Jewish origin, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR from 1939 onwards. She was a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, having joined the Bolsheviks in 1918.


  • 1901-05 - studied at the faculty of economics of the University of London.
  • 1918-19 – chief of the department of economic research at VSNH (All-Russian Council of National Economy). Member of the Coil Section of the VSNH.
  • 1919 – served in the Red Army in the Southern Front in the course of the Russian Civil War.
  • Since 1921 – taught at universities and colleges in Moscow (the Moscow State University, the Georgi Plekhanov Moscow Institute of National Economy, the Oil Institute and others).
  • 1925 – earned her doctorate in economics.
  • 1921 – 1924 – professor at the faculty of social studies of Moscow State University
  • 1924 – 1930 – professor at Moscow Institute of National Economy after Plekhanov.
  • 1925 – 1934 - full member scholar at the Communist Academy of the Central Executive Committee (Moscow).
  • 1926 – 1930 – member of Board of the Central Statistics Administration of the USSR.
  • 1930 – 1934 – professor at the International Lenin School.
  • 1934 – 1936 – professor at the Economic Research Institute attached to the Gosplan (the State Planning Committee).
  • 1937 – editor of the State Socio-Economic Publishing House.
  • 1938 – 1941 – professor at Moscow Economic Planning Institute.
  • 1941 – 1944 – senior staff scientist at the Economics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of USSR.
  • 1944 – 1946 – senior staff scientist at the Institute of Foreign Trade.
  • 1948 – 1955 – team manager at the Economics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

Scientific interests

Smith-Falkner's research was focused on the issues of political economy of capitalism and socialism. Her scientific interests were: economics of capitalism and socialism, statistics theory, the status of the working class in the Western countries, etc. She conducted her research at the Institute of Economic Studies attached to the Gosplan (the State Planning Committee) and the Economic Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

Maria Smith-Falkner edited the works by David Ricardo and Sir William Petty to be published in the Soviet Union.

Major works

  • Prodovolstvennyi vopros v Anglii (The Food Question in England) St. Petersburg, 1917, The book was marked by Vladimir Lenin in the Book Chroncle (Knizhnaya letopis) journal
  • Klassovaia borba v sovremennoi Anglii (Class Struggle in Modern Great Britain), Moscow, 1922
  • Dinamika krizisov i polozhenie proletariata (The Moving Sources and Trends of Crises and the Status of Proletariat), Moscow, 1927
  • Teoriia i praktika sovetskoi statistiki (The Theory and Practice of the Soviet Statistics) (Collected articles), Moscow, 1930
  • Polozhenie rabochego klassa kapitalisicheskikh stran v svete teorii obnishchaniia Karla Marksa (The Status of the Working Class in the Capitalist Countries in the Light of Karl Marx's Pauperization Theory) Moscow, 1933
  • Polozhenie rabochego klassa v SShA,Anglii i Frantsii posle vtoroi mirovoi voiny (The Status of the Working Class in the USA, Great Britain and France after the WWII) Moscow, 1953
  • Ocherki istorii burzhuaznoi politicheskoi ekonomii (The Studies on the History of the Bourgeois Political Economy. Mid 19th – Mid 20th century) Moscow, 1961

Awards and prizes

Maria Smith-Falkner was awarded the Order of Lenin, another order and a medal.


  • Encyclopaedia of Taganrog, 2nd edition, Taganrog, 2003.