Mariya Bayda

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Mariya Karpovna Bayda
Mariya Karpovna Bayda
Native name Мария Карповна Байда
Born (1922-02-01)February 1, 1922
Died August 30, 2002(2002-08-30) (aged 80)
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Coat of arms of the Soviet Union.svg Red Army
Years of service 1941-1945
Rank Senior Sergeant
Unit 172nd Rifle Division
Wars World War II
Other work Civil Servant

Mariya Karpovna Bayda (Russian: Мария Карповна Байда; February 1, 1922 – August 30, 2002) was a World War II scout in the Crimea. When she was surrounded by Wehrmacht submachine gunners, she fought a heated gun battle against them, killing fifteen, wounding several more, and routing the rest, escaping wounded.[citation needed] For her wartime exploits, Bayda was awarded the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union.


In 1936, she dropped out of the school in Dzankoy without completing her studies. She worked on a state run farm, in a hospital, and then in a cooperative society in of the village of Voinka. In 1941, she joined the Red Army.

Mariya was a nurse in the 2nd Battalion of 514th Rifle Regiment, 172nd Rifle Division of the Red Army of the North Caucasian front and senior sergeant. From September 1941 she was present at or near the front lines.[citation needed]

The decree of Presidium of the Supreme body of the USSR from June 20, 1942 reads (a loose translation follows), "for exemplary performance of fighting tasks of command, both showing courage and heroism in fighting fascist aggressors, to Senior Sergeant Mariya Karpovny Bayda is awarded the rank of Hero of Soviet Union, with delivery of an award of Lenin and a medal, with a Gold Star..."

On July 12, 1942, after being severely wounded, Bayda was taken prisoner and sent to Slavuta concentration camp in Ukraine and later Ravensbruck. She was released from captivity by the American forces on May 8, 1945.

After the war, she was discharged from military service. For many years, she headed the Sevastopol city department of civil registration, and she was repeatedly selected the deputy of city council. In 1976, she was recognized as a Hero and an Honourable Citizen of Sevastopol.


  • Salmonson, Jessica Amanda.(1991) The Encyclopedia of Amazons. Paragon House. Page 27. ISBN 978-1-55778-420-9

Hero of the Soviet Union medal.png  Mariya Bayda at the "Герои страны" ("Heroes of the Country") website (Russian)