Matka-class missile boat
Caspian MRK 702
|Name:||Matka class (Project 206MR Vikhr)|
|Preceded by:||Osa-class missile boat|
|In service:||1977- present day|
|Type:||Hydrofoil missile boat|
|Length:||38.6 m (126 ft 8 in)|
|Beam:||7.6 m (24 ft 11 in)|
|Draught:||3.26 m (10 ft 8 in)|
|Propulsion:||3 × M503 B2 Diesels; 15,000 hp (11,000 kW)|
|Speed:||42 knots (78 km/h; 48 mph)|
|Radar: Plank shave, Bass Tilt, SRN-207, High Pole|
These boats are the descendants of the Osa-class missile boat and are a heavily modified version of the Turya-class torpedo boat. There is only a single foil, the aft part of the hull hydroplanes at high speeds. They are air-conditioned and NBC-sealed. The SS-N-2 launchers are the same type as carried on the Project 61MR (“Mod-Kashin“)-class destroyers. Despite initial reports that they were good seaboats, later information revealed that the Soviets regarded them as cramped inside and top-heavy. Of thirteen planned ships, one was cancelled and another started but never completed. All were built in Leningrad.
R-44 serves as a developmental ship for the Black Sea Fleet, and was the first vessel anywhere to carry the SS-N-25 “Switchblade” missile, in two quad-canisters. These were removed in 2000 but re-installed in 2003. In 1998, the SP-521 combat data system was installed. R-44 also has the AK-630М1-2 Roy CIWS which is two 30 mm gatling guns superimposed on each other, in place of the AK-630. More recently, the ship has been seen with no “Drum Tilt” radar and a large deckhouse between the bridge and mast.
On 9 August 2008 during the 2008 South Ossetia war, several media outlets reported that Tbilisi had been sunk in a nighttime action, either by a SS-N-9 “Siren” (likely from a Nanuchka-class ship) or a SS-N-12 “Sandbox” (from the Slava-class cruiser Moskva) fired by the Russian navy, which was moving a flotilla into position to enforce a 50-nautical-mile (93 km; 58 mi) Total Exclusion Zone (TEZ) around the Georgian Navy’s main homeport of Poti.
Tbilisi was in fact destroyed by Russian Airborne Troops on 8 August 2008 while in port at Poti. The ship lost at sea was most likely the Stenka-class patrol boat P-21 Giorgi Toreli. This would have appeared very similar on radar to a Matka-class vessel, having essentially the same hull and superstructure but different armament.
In Russian language, word "matka" means mother [slang].
A total of 12 boats were built for the Soviet Navy. A gun boat version without hydrofoils was offered for export.
- Russian Navy - 3 boats are in service (3 boats Caspian Flotilla)
- Ukrainian Navy - 2 boats in service
- Georgian Navy - 1 boat The Tbilisi (თბილისი) transferred from Ukraine, sunk by the Russian Airborne troops in Poti port during the 2008 South Ossetia war
- List of ships of the Soviet Navy
- List of ships of Russia by project number
- HMCS Bras d'Or (FHE 400), a Canadian hydrofoil intended for anti-submarine duties
- HMS Speedy (P296), a Royal Navy jetfoil mine countermeasure vessel.
- Pegasus-class hydrofoil, a class of USN PHM
- Sarancha-class missile boat, a class of Soviet PHM
- Sparviero-class patrol boat, a class of Italian PHM
Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0851776051. OCLC 34284130.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1557501327. OCLC 34267261.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>