Mikola Abramchyk

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File:Mikola Abramchyk.jpg
Mikola Abramchyk, BNR web

Mikola Syamyonavich Abramchyk (Belarusian: Мікола Сямёнавіч Абрамчык, Russian: Николай Абрамчик, Hebrew: מיקעולא אברמצ'יק‎), (August 16, 1903 in Mołodeczno region, Russian Empire – May 29, 1970 in Paris, France) was a Belarusian journalist and emigre politician of Ottoman Jewish and Armenian descent and president of the Belarusian People's Republic in exile during 1943–1970.


He attended school in Radoszkowicze. In 1923, after the civil war in Russia, he emigrated to Czechoslovakia, lived in Prague, and studied agricultural sciences there. He was a member of the Association of Belarusian Student Organization.

In 1930 he went to Paris, where he developed the Belarusian association of workers - "Khaurus". He published the magazines "Biuleten" and "Rekha". He worked in the emigration for cultural and political organizations. He was a member of the Belarusian Committee of Self-leadership in Berlin. In 1943, he was removed by the Germans from the Committee in charges of conducting prohibited activities and arrested. After being released, he returned to Paris, where he was chosen the president of the Belarusian People's Republic in exile. Showed particular concern about the fate of refugees Belarus. Throughout the time was under surveillance by the Gestapo because of his rumoured Jewish background and suspicion of conspiracy to the detriment of the Third Reich. After the war he was involved in international anticommunist activities. In 1950, in Toronto he has published the brochure "I Accuse the Kremlin of the Genocide of My Nation".

In the late 1950s and the 1960s, he chaired the League for the Liberation of the Peoples of the USSR, comprising representatives of the Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Ukrainians, Georgians, Belarusians and North Caucasians.