Miranda Fricker

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Miranda Fricker is an English philosopher. She is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Sheffield.

Career

She received her DPhil from the University of Oxford before taking up a Jacobsen Research Fellowship and later a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of London. Until 2012 she was Reader in Philosophy and Head of the Philosophy Department at Birkbeck, University of London. Prior to writing Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing (2007), Fricker co-edited The Cambridge Companion to Feminism in Philosophy (2000) with Jennifer Hornsby. Her research interests include ethics, epistemology, and feminist philosophy. Observer of academic philosophy Julian Baggini has said of Hornsby and Fricker that they "cannot be labeled 'feminist philosophers'", claiming that "they are philosophers, period, who have incorporated feminist insights into their philosophy and are keen that others do the same".[1]

Epistemic Injustice

In her book Epistemic Injustice, Fricker argues that in addition to social or political injustices faced by women (and minority groups), there can be epistemic injustices in two forms: testimonial injustice and hermeneutical injustice. Testimonial injustice consists in prejudices that cause one to "give a deflated level of credibility to a speaker's word":[2] Fricker gives the example of a woman who due to her gender is not believed in a business meeting. She may make a good case, but prejudice causes the listeners to believe her arguments to be less competent or sincere and thus less believable. In this kind of case, Fricker argues that as well as there being an injustice caused by possible outcomes (such as the speaker missing a promotion at work), there is a testimonial injustice: "a kind of injustice in which someone is wronged specifically in her capacity as a knower".[3] Hermeneutical injustice, then, describes the kind of injustice experienced by groups who lack the shared social resources to make sense of their experience. One consequence of such injustice is that such individuals might be less inclined to believe their own testimony. For example, Fricker describes a woman attending a meeting in the late 1960s at which post-partum depression was discussed; in this case, the shared social resource - a linguistic label and sharing of experiences - enabled an understanding of a condition she had experienced and previously blamed for.[4]

Bibliography

Selected publications

  • "Powerlessness and Social Interpretation", Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology Vol. 3 Issue 1-2 (2006); 96-108
  • "Epistemic Injustice and A Role for Virtue in the Politics of Knowing", Metaphilosophy vol. 34 Nos. 1/2 Jan 2003; reprinted in M. Brady and D. Pritchard eds. Moral and Epistemic Virtues (Blackwell, 2003)
  • "Life-Story in Beauvoir’s Memoirs", The Cambridge Companion to Simone de Beauvoir ed. Claudia Card (CUP, 2003)
  • "Confidence and Irony", Morality, Reflection, and Ideology ed. Edward Harcourt (OUP, 2000)
  • "Pluralism Without Postmodernism", The Cambridge Companion to Feminism in Philosophy eds. M. Fricker and J. Hornsby (CUP, 2000)

References

  1. Baggini, Julian (July 25, 2003). "2 Philosophies, Separated by a Common Language". Retrieved 2008-11-25. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Miranda Fricker (August 2009). Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing. Oxford University Press. p. 1. ISBN 9780199570522. Retrieved 8 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Miranda Fricker (August 2009). Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing. Oxford University Press. p. 20. ISBN 9780199570522. Retrieved 8 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Miranda Fricker (August 2009). "7". Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199570522. Retrieved 8 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

  • Homepage at The University of Sheffield School of Philosophy website
  • Homepage at Birkbeck School of Philosophy website