Mother Night (film)

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Mother Night
File:Mother Night poster.jpg
Theatrical poster
Directed by Keith Gordon
Produced by Keith Gordon
Robert B. Weide
Mark Ordesky
Screenplay by Robert B. Weide
Based on Mother Night 
by Kurt Vonnegut
Starring Nick Nolte
Sheryl Lee
Alan Arkin
Kirsten Dunst
Narrated by Nick Nolte
Music by Michael Convertino
Cinematography Tom Richmond
Edited by Jay Rabinowitz
New Line Cinema
Whyaduck Productions
Distributed by Fine Line Features
Release dates
  • August 14, 1996 (1996-08-14) (Montreal)
  • November 1, 1996 (1996-11-01)
Running time
114 minutes [1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $6 million
Box office $403,701[2]

Mother Night is a 1996 American romantic war film based on Kurt Vonnegut's 1961 book of the same name.

Nick Nolte stars as Howard W. Campbell, Jr., an American who moves with his family to Germany after World War I and goes on to become a successful German language playwright. As World War II looms, Campbell meets a man who claims to be from the United States Department of War, and is recruited to spy for the U.S., transmitting Nazi propaganda containing hidden messages that can only be decoded by Allied intelligence. After the war, Campbell relocates to New York state, where he attempts to live in obscurity. The film is narrated by Campbell, through a series of flashbacks, as he sits in a jail cell in Israel, writing his memoirs, and awaiting trial for war crimes.

The film also stars Sheryl Lee, John Goodman, Alan Arkin, and Frankie Faison. Vonnegut makes a brief appearance in a scene in New York City.


Confined in an Israeli jail, Howard W. Campbell, Jr. writes a memoir about his career in Nazi Germany. During the buildup to World War II, Campbell, an American playwright of German language stage productions, is approached by War Department operative Frank Wirtanen. Wirtanen asks Campbell to work as a spy for the U.S. in the approaching war, though he promises no reward or recognition. Campbell rejects the offer, but Wirtanen adds that he wants Campbell to take some time to consider, telling him that Campbell's answer will come in the form of how he acts and what positions he assumes once the war begins.

In the initial stages of the war, Campbell works his way up through Joseph Goebbels' propaganda organization, eventually becoming the "voice" of English language anti-Semitic broadcasts aimed at U.S. citizens. Unknown to the Nazis, all of the idiosyncrasies of his speech – deliberate pauses, coughing, etc. – form a secret code that covertly transmits information to Allied forces. Late in the war, after his wife, Helga, is reported killed on the Eastern Front, Campbell visits her family in Berlin in early 1945, just before the Red Army arrives. Helga's younger sister, Resi, confesses that she is in love with him.

Eventually, Campbell is captured when a U.S. infantryman recognizes his voice. Before he can be executed, Wirtanen arranges for Campbell's discreet release and helps his relocation to New York City. There, Campbell lives a lonely existence, sustained only by memories of Helga and an indifferent curiosity about his eventual fate. Mrs. Epstein, a Holocaust survivor living in Campbell's building, is the only person who suspects his true identity; he seems to allay her suspicions by feigning ignorance of German. Campbell's only friend is George Kraft, an elderly painter who, through an extraordinary coincidence, happens to be a Soviet intelligence agent.

Over many games of chess, Campbell reveals his secret past to Kraft, who tries to use this information to improve his standing with his handlers by forcing Campbell into a position where he must flee to Moscow. He leaks information about Campbell's whereabouts, which gets the attention of a neo-Nazi group. Representatives of this group meet Campbell and present him with who seems to be Helga. However, it is not long before Campbell discovers that Helga is actually Resi, who has taken Helga's identity to escape from then-Communist East Germany.

The neo-Nazis shelter Campbell, along with Kraft and Resi, in a New York City hideout. Wirtanen reappears, warning Campbell of Kraft's true identity and explaining that Kraft and Resi have put Campbell in an awkward position with the neo-Nazis to ensure his transfer to Moscow. Campbell returns to the hideout to confront the pair; in light of her exposure, Resi commits suicide. Moments later, the FBI raids the hideout but, as before, Wirtanen uses his influence to ensure Campbell walks free. Campbell returns to his wrecked apartment and decides to turn himself in to the Israelis to stand trial.

Campbell is taken to Haifa, where he is incarcerated in the cell below an unrepentant Adolf Eichmann. The film ends with the arrival of a letter from Wirtanen providing the corroborating evidence that Campbell was indeed a U.S. spy during World War II. Moments later, Campbell hangs himself — not, he says, for crimes against humanity, but rather for "crimes against myself."



Mother Night received mixed to positive reviews, currently holding a 64% "fresh" rating.[3]


  1. "MOTHER NIGHT (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 1996-10-15. Retrieved 2012-08-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Mother Night at Box Office Mojo
  3. Mother Night at Rotten Tomatoes

External links