National Aerospace Development Administration
|File:NADA - National Aerospace Development Administration.jpg
The NADA insignia
|Formed||April 1, 2013|
|Jurisdiction||Government of North Korea|
National Aerospace Development Administration (NADA; Chosŏn'gŭl: 국가우주개발국) is the official space agency of North Korea, succeeding the Korean Committee of Space Technology. It was founded on April 1, 2013.
The current basis for the activities of NADA is the Law on Space Development, in 2013 the 7th session of the 12th Supreme People's Assembly was passed. The Act sets out the North Korean principles of peaceful development of space determines compliance with the principles of the Juche ideology (North Korean ideology) and independence, as well as the aim of solving scientific and technological problems of space to improve the economy, science and technology.
The law also regulates the position of the NADA and the principles of notification, security, research and possibly compensation in relation to satellite launches. The law calls for cooperation with international organizations and other countries, the principle of equality and mutual benefit, respect for international law and international regulations for space. The law also opposes the militarization of space.
The emblem of NADA consists of a dark blue globe with the word Kukgaujugaebalkuk (National Space Development Administration) in white Korean characters on the bottom, DPRK (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) in light blue characters on the top, the constellation of Ursa Major, NADA in white characters in the middle, and two bright blue rings symbolizing satellite orbits and the intention of place on all orbits of satellites. The logo is described as representing the agency's "character, mission, position, and development prospect". Ursa Major is intended to symbolize and glorify North Korea as a space power.
This is a list of satellites launched.
|Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1||31 August 1998||Paektusan||Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground||Failed to reach orbit||Technology experimental satellite|
|4 July 2006||Unha-1||Launch Failure||Rocket test (See 2006 North Korean missile test)|
|Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2||5 April 2009||Unha-2||Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground||Failed to reach orbit||Communications satellite|
|Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3||13 April 2012||Unha-3||Sohae Satellite Launching Station||Launch Failure||Observation satellite|
|Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2||12 December 2012||Unha-3||Sohae Satellite Launching Station||Successful launch||Observation satellite|
|Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4||7 February 2016||Kwangmyŏngsŏng||Sohae Satellite Launching Station||Successful launch||Observation satellite|
Korean Committee of Space Technology
Since 1980, KCST, the Executive Space Agency of North Korea, started research and development with the aim of producing and placing communications satellites, earth observation satellites and weather observation satellites.
After initial failed launches in the year 1998, 2006, 2009 and April 2012, NADA succeeded on 12 December 2012 in placing its first satellite in space, the Kwangmyŏngsŏng 3-2, by means of a Unha-3 rocket and on 7 February 2016, it's successfully placing its second satellite in space, the Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4, by means of a Kwangmyŏngsŏng rocket from Sohae Satellite Launching Station.
International legal regime of North Korea's space activities
In 2009, North Korea entered to the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies in, and the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space Objects.
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