National Aerospace Development Administration

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National Aerospace Development Administration
Kukgaujugaebalkuk
국가우주개발국
File:NADA - National Aerospace Development Administration.jpg
The NADA insignia
Agency overview
Formed April 1, 2013; 9 years ago (2013-04-01)
Preceding agency
Jurisdiction Government of North Korea
Headquarters Pyongyang

National Aerospace Development Administration (NADA; Chosŏn'gŭl국가우주개발국) is the official space agency of North Korea, succeeding the Korean Committee of Space Technology. It was founded on April 1, 2013.[1]

The current basis for the activities of NADA is the Law on Space Development, in 2013 the 7th session of the 12th Supreme People's Assembly was passed. The Act sets out the North Korean principles of peaceful development of space determines compliance with the principles of the Juche ideology (North Korean ideology) and independence, as well as the aim of solving scientific and technological problems of space to improve the economy, science and technology.

The law also regulates the position of the NADA and the principles of notification, security, research and possibly compensation in relation to satellite launches. The law calls for cooperation with international organizations and other countries, the principle of equality and mutual benefit, respect for international law and international regulations for space. The law also opposes the militarization of space.

The emblem of NADA consists of a dark blue globe with the word Kukgaujugaebalkuk (National Space Development Administration) in white Korean characters on the bottom, DPRK (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) in light blue characters on the top, the constellation of Ursa Major, NADA in white characters in the middle, and two bright blue rings symbolizing satellite orbits and the intention of place on all orbits of satellites. The logo is described as representing the agency's "character, mission, position, and development prospect". Ursa Major is intended to symbolize and glorify North Korea as a space power.[1][2]

The Western media point out that the logo strikingly resembles to NASA's logo — both with blue globes, white lettering, stars, and swooshed rings.[3][4][5]

Launch history

This is a list of satellites launched.

Launch history
Satellite Launch Date
(UTC)
Rocket Launch Site Status Purpose
Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1 31 August 1998 Paektusan Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground Failed to reach orbit Technology experimental satellite
4 July 2006 Unha-1 Launch Failure Rocket test (See 2006 North Korean missile test)
Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 5 April 2009 Unha-2 Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground Failed to reach orbit Communications satellite
Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 13 April 2012 Unha-3 Sohae Satellite Launching Station Launch Failure Observation satellite
Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2 12 December 2012 Unha-3 Sohae Satellite Launching Station Successful launch Observation satellite
Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4 7 February 2016 Kwangmyŏngsŏng Sohae Satellite Launching Station Successful launch Observation satellite

Korean Committee of Space Technology

Unha-3 Rocket on 8 April 2012 in Sohae

Since 1980, KCST, the Executive Space Agency of North Korea, started research and development with the aim of producing and placing communications satellites, earth observation satellites and weather observation satellites.

In August 1998, NADA launched the Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1 experimental satellites using Paektusan rocket from the Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground.[6]

After initial failed launches in the year 1998, 2006, 2009 and April 2012, NADA succeeded on 12 December 2012 in placing its first satellite in space, the Kwangmyŏngsŏng 3-2, by means of a Unha-3 rocket and on 7 February 2016, it's successfully placing its second satellite in space, the Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4, by means of a Kwangmyŏngsŏng rocket from Sohae Satellite Launching Station.[7]

International legal regime of North Korea's space activities

In 2009, North Korea entered to the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies in, and the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space Objects.[8]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pearlman, Robert. "North Korea's 'NADA' Space Agency, Logo Are Anything But 'Nothing'". Space.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "National Aerospace Development Administration of DPRK". Korea News Service (KNS). Retrieved 8 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "North Korea names space agency 'NADA,' mimics NASA logo". CNET. April 2, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "North Korea's space agency's logo means nothing — literally". Business Insider. February 9, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "North Korea steals NASA logo, but names space agency NADA (which means 'nothing' in Spanish)". Daily Mail. 2 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Despite Clinton, Korea has rights". Retrieved 8 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Josh Levs, CNN (12 December 2012). "N. Korea's launch causes worries about nukes, Iran and the Pacific". CNN. Retrieved 8 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "KCNA Report on DPRK's Accession to International Space Treaty and Convention". Korea News Service (KNS). Retrieved 8 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>