National colours

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National colours are frequently part of a country’s set of national symbols.

Many states and nations have formally adopted a set of colours as their official "national colours" while others have de facto national colours that have become well-known through popular use. National colours often appear on a variety of different media, from the nation’s flag to the colours used in sports.


Country Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Further information
Argentina Argentina Light blue and white[1]
Albania Albania Red and black
Armenia Armenia Red and blue
Australia Australia Green and gold[2] Red, white and blue National colours of Australia
Bangladesh Bangladesh Green and red Green and red
Belgium Belgium Red Black and yellow
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Blue, Gold and White
Brazil Brazil Green and yellow Blue and white
Canada Canada Red and white[3] Black (hockey only) National colours of Canada
Chile Chile Red, white, and blue
China China Red and Yellow
Czech Republic Czech Republic White, red, and blue[4][5][6]
Finland Finland White and blue Red and gold
France France Blue, white, and red[7]
Germany Germany Black, red and gold Black and white National colours of Germany
Ghana Ghana Red, Gold, Green and Black White and black
Greece Greece Blue and white National colours of Greece
Haiti Haiti Red and blue[2]
Hungary Hungary Red, white and green
Indonesia Indonesia Red and white[8]
Ireland Republic of Ireland Green White and orange
Israel Israel Blue and white[9] National colours of Israel
Italy Italy Green, white and red[10] Azure National colours of Italy
Jamaica Jamaica Green, gold and black
Lithuania Lithuania Green and white
Malaysia Malaysia Gold and black Red, white, yellow and blue
Mexico Mexico Green, white, and red
Netherlands Netherlands Orange Red, white and blue
New Zealand New Zealand Black[11] White, silver, ochre red National colours of New Zealand
Pakistan Pakistan Green and white
Russia Russia White, blue and red
Serbia Serbia Red, blue and white[12][13][14] National colours of Serbia
Sweden Sweden Blue and gold
Ukraine Ukraine Blue and yellow National colours of Ukraine
United Kingdom United Kingdom Red, white and blue National colours of the United Kingdom
United States United States Red, white, and blue[2]
Uruguay Uruguay Blue and white Red; light blue is used in sports
Venezuela Venezuela Yellow, blue and red Burgundy (sports)

See also


  1. "Símbolos nacionales". Government of Argentina. Archived from the original on 2015-10-09. La primera enseña patria es la Bandera Nacional. Creada por el general Manuel Belgrano el 27 de febrero de 1812, fue consagrada con los mismos colores ‘celeste y blanco’ por el Congreso de Tucumán el 20 de julio de 1816 y ratificada por el mismo cuerpo en Buenos Aires, el 25 de febrero de 1818. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "National Symbols". The World Factbook (52nd ed.). Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Public Affairs. 2014. ISBN 978-0-16-092553-5. OCLC 913577992.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "National Colours: Red and White". Government of Canada. Retrieved 2013-10-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Státní symboly".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Symboly současné České republiky".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Státní symboly České republiky".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Le drapeau tricolor" [The Tricolor Flag] (in French). 2002-06-20. Archived from the original on 2005-01-28. Retrieved 2015-07-18. Le pavillon, ainsi que le drapeau national, sera formé des trois couleurs nationales disposées en trois bandes égales, de manière à ce que le bleu soit attaché à la garde du pavillon, le blanc au milieu et le rouge flottant.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Minahan, James B. (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems. ABC-CLIO. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8. Retrieved 2015-10-26. National colors: Red and white<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Israel National Symbols: The Israeli Flag". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2014-06-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Ferorelli, Nicola (1925). La vera origine del tricolore italiano. Rassegna storica del Risorgimento. 12. pp. 654–680.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Design of The New Zealand Orders Insignia". The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Government of New Zealand. Retrieved 2013-03-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. The Journal of the Orders & Medals Research Society of Great Britain. Orders and Medals Research Society. 1969. p. 207).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Chronicles. Rockford Institute. 1994. p. 39.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Thomas, Nigel; Mikulan, Krunoslav (2006). The Yugoslav Wars (2): Bosnia, Kosovo and Macedonia 1992–2001. Osprey Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-84176-964-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>