Neophytos Vamvas

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Neophytos Vamvas.
Portrait by Dionysios Tsokos

Neophytos Vamvas (Greek: Νεόφυτος Βάμβας; 1770 – 9 January 1856) was a Greek cleric and educator of the 19th century.

Vamvas was born on the island of Chios in 1770. His secular name was Nikolaos. He was ordained a deacon at age 20 and in 1804 went to study in France where he met Adamantios Korais.

On his return to Greece, he taught in Chios, at the Ionian Academy of Corfu, at the first Gymnasium of Syros and later in the newly founded University of Athens.

His main contribution to Greek literature is his translation of the Bible into modern Greek, an endeavour that was opposed at that time by ultraconservative circles within the Greek Orthodox Church (cf. the Greek language question). His version was finally allowed in 1924.

He died in Athens on 9 January 1856.