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Neu Beginnen (English: "[to] begin anew") was an anti-fascist opposition group formed in 1929 by left-wing members of the Social Democratic Party, a party greatly inspired by the ideas of Karl Marx and Lenin. After the Nazis seized power in 1933, the members of the small group discussed what the future of Germany should be after the Nazi occupation had ended. The conclusion was a left-wing coalition government consisting of Social Democrats, Socialists and Communists. The leaders of the group saw disunity among the left as one of the key reasons the NSDAP had been able to seize power. They produced then-illegal pamphlets which advocated these ideas but failed to unite enough anti-fascists to ever significantly take hold. As a consequence, its loosely organised followers had all either been killed, left the party or been arrested by 1936.
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