Nicolai Clausen

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Asmus Nicolai Clausen
File:Nicolai Clausen.jpg
Born (1911-06-02)2 June 1911
Flensburg
Died 16 May 1943(1943-05-16) (aged 31)
South Atlantic
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Allegiance  Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Reichsmarine
 Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1929–43
Rank Korvettenkapitän (posthumous)
Commands held U-142
U-37
U-129
U-182
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Asmus Nicolai Clausen (2 June 1911 – 16 May 1943) was a German U-boat commander of the Second World War. He is credited with sinking 23 ships for a total of 73,428 gross register tons (GRT) of Allied shipping. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Clausen and U-182 were lost with all hands, sunk on 16 May 1943 by the American destroyers USS MacKenzie and USS Lamb.

Summary of career

Ships attacked

As a U-boat commander of U-37, U-129 and U-182 Nicolai Clausen is credited with the sinking of 23 ships for a total of 73,428 gross register tons (GRT) and sinking one French submarine, the Sfax (Q 182), of 1,379 metric tons (1,357 long tons; 1,520 short tons).

Date U-boat Name of Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[1][2][3]
1 December 1940 U-37 Palmella  United Kingdom 1,578 Sunk
2 December 1940 U-37 Gwalia  Sweden 1,258 Sunk
2 December 1940 U-37 Jeanne M.  United Kingdom 2,465 Sunk
4 December 1940 U-37 Daphne  Sweden 1,513 Sunk
16 December 1940 U-37 San Carlos  Spain 223 Sunk
19 December 1940 U-37 Rhône  Free France 2,785 Sunk
19 December 1940 U-37 Sfax (Q 182)  Free French Naval Forces 1,379 Sunk
9 February 1941 U-37 Courland  United Kingdom 1,325 Sunk
9 February 1941 U-37 Estrellano  United Kingdom 1,983 Sunk
10 February 1941 U-37 Brandenburg  United Kingdom 1,473 Sunk
7 March 1941 U-37 Mentor  Greece 3,050 Sunk
12 March 1941 U-37 Petursey  Iceland 91 Sunk
20 February 1942 U-129 Nordvangen  Norway 2,400 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 George L. Torian  Canada 1,754 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 Lennox  Canada 1,904 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 West Zeda  United States 5,658 Sunk
28 February 1942 U-129 Bayou  Panama 2,605 Sunk
3 March 1942 U-129 Mary  United States 5,104 Sunk
7 March 1942 U-129 Steel Age  United States 6,188 Sunk
15 January 1943 U-182 Ocean Courage  United Kingdom 7,173 Sunk
17 February 1943 U-182 Llanashe  United Kingdom 4,836 Sunk
10 March 1943 U-182 Richard D. Spaight  United States 7,177 Sunk
5 April 1943 U-182 Aloe  United Kingdom 5,047 Sunk
1 May 1943 U-182 Adelfotis  Greece 5,838 Sunk

Awards

Wehrmachtbericht reference

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Thursday, 12 March 1942 Bei den Unternehmungen in Amerikanischen Gewässern zeichneten sie die Unterseeboote unter Führung der Kapitänleutnante Achilles und Nico Clausen besonders aus.[7]

Submarines under the commands of Kapitänleutnante Achilles and Nico Clausen distinguished themselves in operations in American waters.

Promotions

1 October 1931: Obermatrose (Seaman Apprentice)[8]
1 October 1933: Matrosengefreiter (Seaman Lance Corporal)[8]
1 November 1933: Bootsmannsmaat (Petty Officer Third Class)[8]
1 September 1935: Obersteuermannsmaat (Petty Officer Second Class)[8]
1 May 1937: Fähnrich zur See (Officer Cadet)[8]
1 October 1937: Oberfähnrich zur See (Senior Ensign)[4]
1 January 1938: Leutnant zur See (Second Lieutenant)[4]
1 April 1939: Oberleutnant zur See (First Lieutenant)[4]
1 January 1941: Kapitänleutnant (Captain Lieutenant)[4]
5 April 1945: Korvettenkapitän (Corvette Captain), with a rank age dated on 1 May 1943[4]

References

Citations

  1. Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-37 - U-boat Successes". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 12 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-129 - U-boat Successes". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 12 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-182 - U-boat Successes". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 12 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 Busch & Röll 2003, p. 196.
  5. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 154.
  6. Scherzer 2007, p. 261.
  7. The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 2, p. 54.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Busch & Röll 2003, p. 195.

Bibliography

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Huß, Jürgen; Viohl, Armin (2003). Die Ritterkreuzträger des Eisernen Kreuzes der preußischen Provinz Schleswig-Holstein und der Freien und Hansestadt Lübeck 1939–1945 (in German). Zweibrücken, Germany: VDM Heinz Nickel. ISBN 978-3-925480-79-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88740-748-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "Nicolai Clausen". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>