Nikolai Podvoisky

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Nikolai Podvoisky
Podvoisky 1903.jpg
Chairman of the Military Revolutionary Committee
People's Commissar of Military and Naval Affairs of the Russian SFSR
In office
8 November 1917 – 13 March 1918
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Leon Trotsky
People's Commissar of Military Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR
In office
February 1919 – August 1919
Personal details
Born February 4 (16), 1880
Imperial Russia
Died July 28, 1948(1948-07-28) (aged 68)
Soviet Union

Nikolai Ilyich Podvoisky (Russian: Николай Ильич Подвойский) (February 4 (16), 1880 – July 28, 1948) was a Russian revolutionary. He played a large role in the Russian Revolution of 1917 and wrote many articles for the Soviet newspaper Krasnaya Gazeta. He also wrote a history of the Bolshevik Revolution, which describes the progress of the Russian Revolution without mentioning Leon Trotsky or Joseph Stalin.

He was chairperson of the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet and one of the troika who led the storming of the Winter Palace, and commissioned Sergei Eisenstein to create a film version of the 1920 re-enactment.[1] Immediately following the Bolshevik Revolution in November 1917, he served as the first Commissar of Defense of Russia until March 1918.


  1. Bolshevik Festivals, 1917–1920 by James Von Geldern accessed 5 December 2008