Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov

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Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov
Born 22 May 1914[1]
Sasovo, Tambov Governorate, Russian Empire[1]
Died 13 May 1988 (aged 73)[1]
Tula, Soviet Union
Alma mater Tula State University
Known for Makarov PM

Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov (Russian: Никола́й Фёдорович Мака́ров; 22 May [O.S. 9 May] 1914 – 13 May 1988) was a Soviet firearms designer, most notable for his Makarov pistol.


Makarov was born in a village of Sasovo in the family of a railway worker. In 1936 he enrolled to the Tula Mechanical Institute. At the onset of World War II, he was preparing for his graduation. He was hastily qualified as engineer and sent to the Zagorski Machine Works (now in Sergiyev Posad). The plant was soon evacuated to Kirov Oblast. In 1944 Makarov returned to Tula, and graduated from the Tula Mechanical Institute with honors. In 1945 he took part in a pistol design competition that aimed to find a replacement for the TT pistol and M1895 Nagant revolver (the former was in use since 1930 and the latter since the late 1800s). Makarov's work, which made use of some elements of the Walther PP, won the competition and was adopted by the army in 1951. Makarov continued designing firearms in Tula until his retirement in 1974.[1]

Weapon designs

File:NF Makarov Russian envelope 2014.jpg
Makarov and his pistol on a 2014 Russian envelope