Nikolay Rukavishnikov

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Nikolay Rukavishnikov
Nationality Soviet
Born September 18, 1932
Tomsk, USSR
Died October 19, 2002(2002-10-19) (aged 70)
Moscow, Russia
Other occupation
Time in space
9d 21h 09m
Selection Civilian Specialist Group 2
Missions Soyuz 10, Soyuz 16, Soyuz 33
Mission insignia
Soyuz 10 mission patch.png Soyuz 16Apollo-Soyuz.png Soyuz-33 patch.png
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union (2)

Nikolay Nikolayevich Rukavishnikov (Russian: Никола́й Никола́евич Рукави́шников; September 18, 1932 – October 19, 2002) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew three space missions of the Soyuz programme: Soyuz 10, Soyuz 16, and Soyuz 33. Two of these missions, Soyuz 10 and Soyuz 33 were intended to dock with Salyut space stations, but failed to do so.


Rukavishnikov studied at the Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute and after graduation worked for Sergey Korolev's design bureau. He was selected for cosmonaut training in 1967.

Rukavishnikov became the 50th human to fly in space on April 23, 1971, the launch date of Soyuz 10. He subsequently resigned from the space programme in 1987 and returned to work for the same bureau he started with, by then known as Energia.

He died of a heart attack on October 19, 2002.

He was awarded: