No. 1 Flying Training School RAF

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No. 1 Flying Training School
Jet Provost Mk3A Situated at No1 Flying Training School, RAF Linton-on-Ouse, North Yorkshire. Used for conversion training to jet propulsion from the 1960s through to 1990s
Active 23 Dec 1919 - 1 Feb 1931
1 Apr 1935 - 7 Mar 1942
18 Jun 1947 - 25 Feb 1948
1 Dec 1950 - 20 Apr 1955
1 May 1955 - present
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force Ensign Royal Air Force
Role Basic fast-jet pilot training
Part of No. 22 (Training) Group RAF
Base RAF Linton-on-Ouse
Motto Latin: Terra Marique ad Caelum
(Translation: "By Land and Sea to the Sky")
Aircraft Short Tucano

No. 1 Flying Training School (1 FTS) is the oldest military pilot training school in the world.[1][2]


First formation

On 23 December 1919, 1 FTS was officially formed by renaming the Netheravon Flying School,[3] which had been formed on 29 July 1919[4] at Netheravon in Wiltshire, England, out of the 2nd incarnation of No. 8 Training Squadron,[5] which in its turn had been formed on 15 May 1919 out of No. 8 Training Depot Station, all at Netheravon.
During this part of its service life 1 FTS and its predecessors flew aircraft such as the Airco DH.9A, the Avro 504, the Bristol F.2 Fighter, the Sopwith Snipe.
1 FTS was disbanded on 1 February 1931, part of its mission, the training of Fleet Air Arm (FAA) officers, had, since 15 February 1928, already been taken over by RAF Leuchars.[3]

Second formation

The second incarnation of 1 FTS occurred at RAF Leuchars on 1 April 1935,[3] tasked with training Royal Navy officers for the Fleet Air Arm. On 26 August 1938, the unit returned to its birthplace, at RAF Netheravon, and on 1 September 1939 it was renamed No. 1 Service Flying Training School,[3] but disbanded on 7 March 1942,[3] when Netheravon was required for Army Cooperation Command use.[3]
Aircraft flown in this period included the Fairey IIIF, Hawker Hart, Westland Wapiti, Hawker Hind, Hawker Audax, de Havilland DH.82A Tiger Moth, North American Harvard, Fairey Battle and Miles Master.

Third formation

Post the Second World War, 1 FTS was briefly reconstituted by the renaming of No. 17 Service Flying Training School RAF (17 SFTS) on 18 June 1947 at RAF Spitalgate.[3] The school had RLGs (Relief Landing Ground) at RAF Folkingham between 28 July 1947 and August 1947 and RAF Bottesford after that, but disbanded again on 25 February 1948.[3]
Aircraft flown in this period were the de Havilland Tiger Moth and the North American Harvard

Fourth formation

RAF Oakington saw the fifth incarnation of 1 FTS, when it was reformed once again on 1 December 1950 with the North American Harvard T.2B. On 31 October 1951 the school had completely moved to RAF Moreton-in-Marsh and had been given Percival Prentice T.1s, but disbanded once again on 20 April 1955.[3]

Fifth formation

On 1 May 1955 No. 22 Flying Training School RAF (22 FTS) at RAF Syerston was renamed to 1 FTS and flew the Percival Provost T.1, de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk T.10 and de Havilland Vampire T.11, moving to RAF Linton-on-Ouse on 18 November 1957.[1] Initially equipped with Vampire T.11 and Provost trainers,[2] 1 FTS re-equipped with the BAC Jet Provost T.3 from 1961. The unit's tie to the Jet Provost continued with the Jet Provost T.4 and the pressurised Jet Provost T.5, until 1989 with the introduction of the Shorts Tucano T.1.

From 1 April 1995, 1 FTS absorbed the Central Flying School (CFS) and No. 6 Flying Training School RAF (6 FTS) Tucano elements, including No. 72 (Reserve) Squadron RAF (72 Sqn) and No. 207 (Reserve) Squadron RAF (207 Sqn).

The school marked its 90th anniversary in July 2009 with a flypast of Tucano aircraft over York Minster and other events at RAF Linton-on-Ouse.[6]

1 FTS is currently stationed at RAF Linton-on-Ouse with the purpose of the basic training of pilots and navigators for the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy,[1] flying 78 Tucano aircraft.[7]

Current Units

RAF Linton-on-Ouse


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Harris, R (2007-10-27). "Military pilot training academy prepares to celebrate its 50th year". The Press. Newsquest Media Group. Retrieved 2007-10-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "RAF Linton-on-Ouse - Station History". Retrieved 2007-10-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Sturtivant and Hamlin 2007, p. 134.
  4. Sturtivant and Hamlin 2007, p. 193.
  5. Sturtivant and Hamlin 2007, p. 276.
  6. "Tucanos fly over York Minster to mark 90th anniversary of No 1 Flying Training School based at RAF Linton-on-Ouse". York Press. Newsquest Media Group. 10 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "RAF - Stations". Retrieved 2007-10-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Cotter 2008, p. 35.
  • Cotter, Jarrod (2008). Royal Air Force celebrating 90 years. Stamford, UK: Key Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-946219-11-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Sturtivant, Ray with John Hamlin. RAF Flying Training and Support Units since 1912. Staplefield, West Sussex, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 2007. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.

External links

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