Oflag VII-C

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Oflag VII-C / Ilag VII
Laufen, Germany
Oflag VII-C / Ilag VII is located in Germany
Oflag VII-C / Ilag VII
Oflag VII-C / Ilag VII
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Type Prisoner-of-war camp
Internment camp
Site information
Controlled by  Nazi Germany
Site history
In use 1940-1945
Garrison information
Occupants British POWs
British and U.S. internees

Oflag VII-C was a World War II German prisoner-of-war camp for officers located in Laufen Castle, in Laufen in south-eastern Bavaria from 1940 to 1942. Most of the prisoners were British officers captured during the Battle of France in 1940. To relieve overcrowding, some of the officers were transferred to Oflag VII-C/Z in Tittmoning Castle. The Oflag existed only for a short time. In early 1942 all the officers were transferred to Oflag VII-B in Eichstätt.

The castle was then used as an Internment Camp Ilag VII for men from the British Channel Islands of Jersey and Guernsey until the camp was liberated in May 1945. Previously, in September 1944, after lengthy negotiations, 125 elderly and sick prisoners were repatriated to Great Britain via Sweden. In April 1944 the count of internees in Laufen included 459 British internees (417 Channel Islanders) and 120 American civilians who had been trapped in Europe when war was suddenly declared in December 1941. Even though the camp housed civilians, it continued to be operated by the German Army. The camp was liberated by the U.S. 3rd Army on 5 May 1945.

Eight Channel Island internees died in Laufen camp during the period of internment.[1]

Notable inmates

  • Captain Pat Reid, arrived 5 June 1940, escaped 5 September 1940, later British escape officer at Colditz.
  • Ambrose Sherwill, President of the Controlling Committee in Guernsey, who became British Camp Senior.
  • Josef Nassy, a black expatriate artist of Jewish descent, holding a US passport who created a visual diary of life in the camp.[2]

See also

References

  1. "Death Rolls of Channel Islands Internees". thisisjersey.co.uk. 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (2012). "Josef Nassy". Holocaust Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10 April 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>