Olenegorsk, Murmansk Oblast

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Olenegorsk (English)
Оленегорск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Оленегорск с высоты.jpg
Aerial view of Olenegorsk
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Olenegorsk is located in Murmansk Oblast
Location of Olenegorsk in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Coat of Arms of Olenegorsk (Murmansk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of April 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Olenegorsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory[1]
Administrative center of Olenegorsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2009)
Urban okrug Olenegorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Olenegorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Denis Volodin[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 23,072 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Town status since March 27, 1957[5]
Previous names Olenya (until March 27, 1957)[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 184530
Dialing code(s) +7 81552[citation needed]
Official website
Olenegorsk on Wikimedia Commons

Olenegorsk (Russian: Оленего́рск, lit. reindeer mountain) is a town in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located north of the Arctic Circle, 112 kilometers (70 mi) south of Murmansk. Population: 23,072 (2010 Census);[3] 25,166 (2002 Census);[7] 35,584 (1989 Census).[8]


The railway station of Olenya (Оле́нья) was opened in 1916, with the construction of the Murman Railway. The station facilities, and the small settlement associated with the station were located to the east of the railroad. Their importance was somewhat increased in the 1930s, as Olenya became a junction for the railway branch to the newly built town of Monchegorsk some 30 kilometers (19 mi) to the southwest.

In 1949, work started on the iron ore strip mines and ore-processing facilities a few kilometers to the west of the Olenya station. At the same time, construction of a company town, originally also named Olenya, started between the rail station and the mines, to the west of the railway. In December 1949, it was granted work settlement status.

By the March 27, 1957 Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR, the work settlement of Olenya was granted the status of a town under district jurisdiction, subordinated to Monchegorsk, and given its present name.[5] The railway station, however, retained the name Olenya and was not renamed Olenegorsk until the 1980s.[citation needed] Olenegorsk was elevated in status to that of a town under oblast jurisdiction by the August 10, 1981 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR Decree, and several inhabited localities previously subordinated to Monchegorsk were transferred to Olenegorsk by the August 26, 1981 Decision of the Murmansk Oblast Executive Committee.[9]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with four rural localities, incorporated as Olenegorsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Olenegorsk Town with Jurisdictional Territory is incorporated as Olenegorsk Urban Okrug.[2]


All passengers trains on the St. Petersburg–Murmansk railway stop at Olenegorsk. The station also serves the nearby town of Monchegorsk, which itself has next to no passenger service, the Olenya airbase (a.k.a. Vysoky), a more remote Sami village of Lovozero, and the mining town of Revda in Lovozersky District.


The town economy continues to be based on iron ore extraction and processing, mostly shipping enriched ore to Severstal in Cherepovets.

Military bases include the Olenya air base and Olenegorsk Radar Station.

Notable people



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Law #96-01-ZMO
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Law #534-01-ZMO
  3. 3.0 3.1 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1". Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 55
  6. Local post office info http://www.russianpost.ru/PostOfficeFindInterface/FindOPSByPostOfficeID.aspx?index=184530
  7. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 57


  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №96-01-ЗМО от 6 января 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области», в ред. Закона №1953-01-ЗМО от 24 декабря 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Мурманской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области"». Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №10, стр. 3, 16 января 1998 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #96-01-ZMO of January 6, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1953-01-ZMO of December 24, 2015 On Amending the Law of Murmansk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast". ).
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №534-01-ЗМО от 2 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе муниципального образования город Оленегорск с подведомственной территорией», в ред. Закона №1156-01-ЗМО от 23 ноября 2009 г «Об упразднении некоторых населённых пунктов Мурманской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Мурманской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №234, стр. 3, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #534-01-ZMO of December 2, 2004 On the Status of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Olenegorsk with Jurisdictional Territory, as amended by the Law #1156-01-ZMO of November 23, 2009 On the Abolition of Several Inhabited Localities of Murmansk Oblast and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of Murmansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links