Ostrov, Constanța

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Ostrov
Commune
Ostrov is located in Romania
Ostrov
Ostrov
Location of Ostrov, Constanţa
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Country  Romania
County Constanţa County
Status Commune
Component villages Ostrov, Almălău, Bugeac, Esechioi, Galiţa, Gârliţa
Government
 • Mayor Niculae Dragomir (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 171.30 km2 (66.14 sq mi)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total Decrease4,951
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariaostrov.ro/

Ostrov is a commune in Constanţa County, Romania.

Name

The name Ostrov is a word of Slavic origin and it means "island".[2] The village itself is not located on an island, but rather on the banks of the Danube across from the Păcuiul lui Soare island.

Villages

The commune includes six villages:

  • Ostrov
  • Almălău (historical name: Almaliul, Turkish: Almalı)
  • Bugeac (Turkish: Bucak)
  • Esechioi (Turkish: Eşeköy)
  • Galiţa
  • Gârliţa

Geography

Ostrov is close to the Bulgarian border, with a border crossing linking it to the Bulgarian city of Silistra.

Demographics

At the 2011 census, Ostrov had 4,730 Romanians (95.54%), 187 Roma (3.78%), 30 Turks (0.61%), 4 others (0.08%).[1]

Păcuiul lui Soare

Artefact from Păcuiul Lui Soare
Plan of the Bulgarian fortress

Păcuiul lui Soare is the name of a fortress on an island close to Ostrov. The ruins from the beginning of 8th century belong to the "Glorious Palace" of the First Bulgarian Khans on Danube and main base of the Bulgarian Danube fleet, as researchers suppose.[3] They found many Protobulgarian marks graved in the blocks of the stone masonry of fortress that build pretty similar to the imperial capital Pliska.[4] The stone graving text from the "Holy 40 martyrs column" found in Tarnovo indicate that the Great Khan Omurtag (?-831) built, maybe over Byzantine ruins, the medieval port and palace complex.[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Constanta County at the 2011 census" (PDF) (in Romanian). INSSE. February 2, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. World loanwords vocabulary - ostrov, a word from Romanian, status: clearly borrowed from Slavic.
  3. Juhas, Petar. Turko-Bulgarians and Magyars.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Vaklinov, Stancho (1981). Proto-Bulgarian Epigraphic Monuments. Publishing House of the Fatherland Front Sofia.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Beshevliev, Vesselin (1977). Formation of the Old-Bulgarian Culture. Naouka i Izkoustvo Publishing House Sofia.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links