PM M1910

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Maxim's machine gun model 1910/30 on a wheeled Vladimirov's mount
Maxim Maschinengewehr 1910.jpg
Type Heavy machine gun
Place of origin  Russian Empire
 Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1910–Present
Used by See users
Wars World War I, Russian Revolution, Russian Civil War, Polish–Soviet War, Finnish Civil War, Spanish Civil War, Winter War, Chinese Civil War, World War II, Second Sino-Japanese War, Korean War, Vietnam War, War in Donbass
Production history
Designed 1909–10[1]
Produced 1910 to 1939
1941 to 1945
Weight 64.3 kg (139.6 lbs)
Length 1,067 mm (42 in)
Barrel length 721 mm (28.4 in)

Cartridge 7.62×54mmR
Action Short recoil, toggle locked
Rate of fire 600 round/min
Muzzle velocity 740 m/s (2,427 ft/s)
Feed system 250-round belt

The PM M1910 (Russian: Пулемёт Максима образца 1910 года, Pulemyot Maxima obraztsa 1910 goda or "Maxim's machine gun model 1910") was a heavy machine gun used by the Imperial Russian Army during World War I and the Red Army during Russian Civil War and World War II. Later, the gun saw service in the Korean War and the Vietnam War, and some have been spotted in the recent War in Donbass.[citation needed]


It was adopted in 1910 and was derived from Hiram Maxim's Maxim gun, chambered for the standard Russian 7.62×54mmR rifle cartridge. The M1910 was mounted on a wheeled mount with a gun shield and was replaced in Soviet service by the SG-43 Goryunov, which retained the wheeled and shielded carriage, starting in 1943. However, production of the Maxim did not end until 1945. In addition to the main infantry version, there were aircraft-mounted and naval variants. Some were fitted with a tractor radiator cap fitted on top of the water jacket to allow handfuls of snow to be packed in to melt while firing.


  •  Russian Empire
    • Maxim's machine gun model 1910 on a wheeled Sokolov's mount (Пулемёт Максима обр. 1910 года на колёсном станке А.А. Соколова обр. 1910 года)[1]
    • Maxim's machine gun model 1910 on a wheeled Kolesnikov's mount (Пулемёт Максима обр. 1910 года на колёсном станке Колесникова обр. 1915 года)[1]
  •  Soviet Union
    • Maxim's machine gun model 1910/30 on a wheeled Vladimirov's mount (Пулемёт Максима образца 1910/30 года на колёсном станке С.В. Владимирова обр. 1931 года)[1]
    • Maxim-Tokarev
    • PV-1 machine gun
    • ZPU-4 (Зенитная пулемётная установка М-4 образца 1931 года)
  •  Finland
  • Poland Second Polish Republic
    • Maxim wz. 1910/28


See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Семён Федосеев. Столетие легендарного "Максима" // журнал "Мастер-ружьё", № 11 (164), ноябрь 2010. стр.40-46
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 382-383. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3.


External links