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Standard Estonian military map symbol for afor a battalion.
Active present
Country  Estonia
Branch Estonian Ground Force
Type infantry
Size 1250
Equipment small firearms
grenade launchers
tactical transport vehicles
portable missile launchers
Commander Lieutenant Colonel 20px

Pataljon, (English: battalion) is an average military unit led by a senior officer that is subordinate to an infantry brigade. Pataljon is bigger than a kompanii (company) but smaller than a brigaad (brigade). It is one of the most basic military formation among the Estonian Ground Force infantry units.[1]


It usually consists of 900 to 1250 soldiers, and is further subdivided into companies. Pataljon is composed of five companies of 180 to 250 soldiers each, as well as a company leader (kompaniiülem) who is usually a lieutenant colonel (kolonelleitnant). His second in command is a colonel as an assistant of the battalion (pataljoniülema abi).[2]


One single pataljon is meant to operate on a battlefield along with other pataljon's on a landscale not creator than 1500 x 3000 metres. The is a logistical support element in the structure of a pataljon which is based on a reserv company. The formation transport is usually made up by 200 tactical transport vehicles such as Mercedes-Benz UNIMOG 435.[3]

Other military uses

A battalion is generally the smallest military unit capable of independent operations (i.e. not attached to a higher command), although many armies have smaller units that are self-sustaining. The nomenclature varies by nationality and by branch of arms, for instance, some armies organize their infantry into battalions, but call battalion-sized cavalry, reconnaissance, or tank units a squadron or a regiment instead. There may even be subtle distinctions within a nation's branches of arms, such as a distinction between a tank battalion and an armored squadron, depending on how the unit's operational role is perceived to fit into the army's historical organization.

See also

Notes and references

  1. Estonian Defence Forces formations
  2. Eesti relvajõudude ametikohtade tunnused
  3. Transport vehicles of the Estonian Ground Forces

ar:كتيبة (وحدة عسكرية)

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