Paul Miki

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Saint Paul Miki
File:Bamberg St Martin Figur Paul Miki.jpg
Statue of Miki, bearing stylised depictions of the instruments of his death, in St Martin's Church in Bamberg, Germany.
Jesuit and Martyr
Born c. 1562
Settsu County, Japan
Died 5 February 1597 (aged 34–35)
Nagasaki, Japan
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 14 September 1627 by Pope Urban VIII
Canonized 8 June 1862 by Pope Pius IX
Feast 6 February
Attributes palm, cross, spear
Patronage Japan

Paul Miki (Japanese: パウロ三木 (Pauro Miki (三木 means "three wood")); c. 1562[1] – 5 February 1597) was a Roman Catholic Japanese Jesuit seminarian, martyr and saint, one of the Twenty-six Martyrs of Japan.


Paul Miki was born into a wealthy Japanese family. He was educated by the Jesuits in Azuchi and Takatsuki. He joined the Society of Jesus and became a well known and successful preacher – gaining numerous converts to Catholicism.[2] The ruler of Japan, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, began persecuting Catholics for fear of the Jesuits' influence and intentions, and possibly that of European visitors.

Miki was arrested and jailed with his fellow Catholics, who were later forced to march 966 kilometers (600 miles) from Kyoto to Nagasaki; all the while singing the Te Deum. On arriving in Nagasaki – which today has the largest Catholic population in Japan – Miki had his chest pierced with a lance while tied to a cross on 5 February 1597.[2]

He preached his last sermon from the cross, and it is maintained that he forgave his executioners.[3] Crucified alongside him were Joan Soan (de Gotó) and Santiago Kisai, also of the Society of Jesus; along with twenty-three other clergy and laity, all of whom were canonized by Pope Pius IX in 1862.

See also


  1. Liturgy of the Hours, Vol. III. Proper of Saints, February 6.
  2. 2.0 2.1 日本人名大辞典+Plus,日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ), デジタル版. パウロ三木(パウロ みき)とは - コトバンク. コトバンク (in 日本語). Retrieved 2018-08-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "カトリック住吉教会 | 聖パウロ三木について". Retrieved 2018-08-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links