Pavel Mironov

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Pavel Vasilyevich Mironov
File:Paval Vasilyevich Mironov.jpg
Native name Павел Васильевич Миронов
Born 21 September 1900
Vasilyevka village, Tambov Uyezd, Tambov Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 29 October 1969
Moscow, Soviet Union
Buried at Novodevichy Cemetery
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Red Army
Years of service 1919–1959
Rank Lieutenant general
Commands held 107th Rifle Division

5th Guards Rifle Division
7th Guards Rifle Corps
37th Guards Rifle Corps
34th Guards Rifle Corps

19th Rifle Corps
Battles/wars Russian Civil War

World War II

Awards Hero of the Soviet UnionOrder of LeninOrder of LeninOrder of the Red Banner (4)

Order of Suvorov 1st class
Order of Kutuzov 2nd class
Order of the Red Star

Distinguished Service Order

Pavel Vasilyevich Mironov (Russian: Павел Васильевич Миронов; 21 September 1900 – 29 October 1969) was a Red Army lieutenant general and Hero of the Soviet Union. Mironov led the 37th Guards Rifle Corps during World War II.[1]

Early life

Mironov was born on 21 September 1900 in the village of Vasilyevka in Tambov Uyezd of Tambov Governorate to a peasant family.[2] In 1912, Mironov graduated from the three classes of rural school and worked on a farm. During 1917 and 1918, he was the secretary for the village Committee of Poor Peasants and in January 1919 became the secretary for the local cells of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In November 1919, Mironov was drafted into the Red Army. He graduated from the Tambov command courses in 1920 and became the assistant commander and then a company commander of the Blagodarnenskogo Guard Battalion. Between March and August 1921, Mironov was the assistant commander and then a company commander of the 117th Rifle Regiment, fighting in battles in the Kuban and Stavropol.[1][3]

Interwar

Mironov graduated from the Vystrel Commander's Courses in 1922. In September, he became an assistant company commander in the 110th Rifle Regiment of the 37th Rifle Division. He became the assistant battalion commander in the 66th Rifle Regiment of the 22nd Rifle Division in August 1923. In September 1926, he became a battalion commander in the 222nd Rifle Regiment of the 74th Rifle Division. In 1927, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.[4] Mironov was promoted in April 1931 to become the chief of staff of the 84th Mountain Rifle Regiment in the 28th Mountain Division. He became the chief of staff of the 282nd Rifle Regiment of the 94th Rifle Division in February 1932. In May, he became the chief of staff of the 82nd Mountain Rifle Regiment and became the regimental commander in 1934. Mironov was transferred to become the 28th Mountain Division's assistant commander in October 1938. In August 1939, he became the commander of the 107th Rifle Division. Mironov was sent to the Frunze Military Academy in November 1940 for commanders refresher courses.[1][3]

World War II

After completing the courses in September 1941, Mironov returned to the 107th Rifle Division and led it during the Battle of Smolensk. On 26 September, the 107th became the 5th Guards Rifle Division[5] for its actions during the Battle of Smolensk. He continued to lead the division during the Battle of Moscow, the Kaluga Offensive and the Rzhev-Vyazma Offensive. In April 1942, he became the commander of the 7th Guards Rifle Corps, which fought in the late stages of the Rzhev-Vyazma Offensive and the Battle of Smolensk in 1943. On 19 January 1944, Mironov became the commander of the 37th Guards Rifle Corps and was promoted to lieutenant general on 22 February.[6] He led the corps in the Svir-Petrozavodsk Offensive, where it captured Olonets. In August, the corps was converted to an airborne unit but reconverted to infantry in December. In February 1945, the corps was sent to Budapest and fought in the Vienna Offensive and the Prague Offensive. On 28 April 1945, Mironov was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union for his leadership of the corps, as well as the Order of Lenin.[1][3][7]

Postwar

Mironov continued to command the 37th Guards Rifle Corps, which became part of the Central Group of Forces, until April 1946. In May, he was sent to study at the Military Academy of the General Staff, from which he graduated in 1947. In January of that year, he became the deputy commander of combat training for the Soviet airborne. In August 1948, Mironov was appointed commander of the 34th Guards Rifle Corps. Mironov became a senior lecturer at the Military Academy of the General Staff in December 1950. In November 1953, he became the commander of the 19th Rifle Corps. He transferred to the post of assistant commander for combat training of the Leningrad Military District in June 1955. In March 1958, Mironov became the head of the military department at the Moscow State University of Economics, Statistics, and Informatics. In April 1959, he retired. Mironov died on 29 October 1969 in Moscow and was buried at Novodevichy Cemetery.[1][3]

Honors and Awards

Pavel Mironov received the following honors and awards:[1]

Soviet

Hero of the Soviet Union medal.png Hero of the Soviet Union (28 April 1945)
Order of Lenin ribbon bar.png Order of Lenin, twice (21 February 1945 and 28 April 1945)
Order of Red Banner ribbon bar.png Order of the Red Banner, four times (4 December 1942, 6 March 1944, 3 November 1944 and 15 November 1950)
Order suvorov1 rib.png Order of Suvorov, 1st class (21 July 1944)
Order kutuzov2 rib.png Order of Kutuzov, 2nd class (28 September 1943)
Order redstar rib.png Order of the Red Star (22 February 1941)
Ribbon bar for the medal for the Defense of Moscow.png Medal "For the Defence of Moscow"
Orderglory rib.png Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
20 years of victory rib.png Jubilee Medal "Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
CaptureOfViennaRibbon.png Medal "For the Capture of Vienna"
20 years saf rib.png Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army"
30 years saf rib.png Jubilee Medal "30 Years of the Soviet Army and Navy"
40 years saf rib.png Jubilee Medal "40 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
50 years saf rib.png Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"

Foreign

Dso-ribbon.png Distinguished Service Order (May 1943)
60x60px Order of Merit of the Hungarian People's Republic, 1st class

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Simonov, A. "Миронов Павел Васильевич" [Pavel Vasilyevich Mironov]. www.warheroes.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-11-12.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Портал о Фронтовиках" [Pavel Vasilyevich Mironov]. www.pobeda1945.su (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-11-13.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Vozhakin, M.G., ed. (2006). Великая Отечественная. Комкоры. Военный биографический словарь [The Great Patriotic War: Corps Commanders Military Biographical Dictionary] (in Russian). 1. Zhukovsky: Kuchkovo Field. pp. 374–375. ISBN 5-901679-08-3. line feed character in |title= at position 32 (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Библиотека – Люди и книги" [Pavel Vasilyevich Mironov]. www.az-libr.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-11-13.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Pettibone, Charles D. (2009-11-18). The Organization and Order of Battle of Militaries in World War II: Volume V – Book B Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Trafford Publishing. p. 558. ISBN 9781426978159.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Biography of Lieutenant-General Pavel Vasilevich Mironov – (Павел Васильевич Миронов) (1900–1969), Soviet Union". www.generals.dk. Retrieved 2015-11-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Память народа :: Документ о награде :: Миронов Павел Васильевич, Герой Советского Союза (Орден Ленина и медаль «Золотая звезда»)" [Memory of Nation: Documents on awarding, Hero of the Soviet Union]. pamyat-naroda.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-11-13.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>