Penns Neck Baptist Church

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Penns Neck Baptist Church
Princeton Baptist Church
File:PennsNeckNJ Church2.jpg
Location US 1 at Princeton-Hightstown Road, Penns Neck, New Jersey
Country United States
Denomination American Baptist Churches USA
Former name(s) Williamsborough Baptist Church
Dedicated December 5, 1812
Architect(s) Elias Bailey
Style Colonial, Federal, Georgian
Penns Neck Baptist Church
A map of Mercer County, New Jersey
A map of Mercer County, New Jersey
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Area 2 acres (0.81 ha)
NRHP Reference # 89002160[1]
NJRHP # 1819[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP December 28, 1989
Designated NJRHP November 14, 1989

Penns Neck Baptist Church (also known as Red Lion Tavern; Princeton Baptist Church at Penns Neck) is a historic church, opened in 1812, on US 1 at Washington Road in Penns Neck, West Windsor Township, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. The church was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.


The layout for the then-proposed Trenton and New Brunswick Turnpike showing Penn's Neck before the building of the church

The church was built alongside the then new Trenton and New Brunswick Turnpike, now Route One. The turnpike, which had opened in 1807, was designed to help provide a proper road connection between Philadelphia and New York City. The parsonage pre-dated the church and had been a public house in which, it is thought, George Washington and William Penn had stayed. At the time the area was also called Williamsburg and the church was first referred to as Williamsborough Baptist. The Rev. Peter Wilson started in ministry in central Jersey preaching in private homes, starting at that of John Flock in Pennington in 1790, and also at John Campbell's house in Princeton. In 1791 John Hight and his wife of Penn's Neck were baptized and preaching continued in their home as well as others in Princeton. By the time the church was built, twenty-nine residents of the Penn's Neck area had been baptized including Richard Thomas, who would later serve as a delegate to the New Jersey Association (formed 1811), and New Jersey Baptist State Convention (formed 1830). Funds for the church building were raised from the congregation in Hightstown as well as residents of Princeton. At its dedication the church had thirty-seven members.[3]

See also


  1. Brecknell, Ursula C.; Updike, Frank (October 30, 1988). "Penns Neck Baptist Church" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places — Mercer County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection — Historic Preservation Office. April 5, 2013. p. 8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Griffiths, Thomas Sharp (1904). A History of Baptists in New Jersey. Barr Press Publishing Company.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>