Pietro Balestra (economist)

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Pietro Balestra
Born (1935-04-02)April 2, 1935
Died June 23, 2005(2005-06-23) (aged 70)
Nationality Swiss
Institution University of Geneva
University of Fribourg
University of Lugano
University of Dijon
Field Econometrics
Alma mater Stanford University (Ph.D., 1965)
Influenced Jaya Krishnakumar [1]
Contributions the econometrics of panel data

Pietro Balestra (April 2, 1935 – June 23, 2005) was a Swiss economist specializing in econometrics. He was born in Lugano and earned a B.A. in economics from the University of Fribourg. Balestra moved for graduate work to the University of Kansas (M.A in Economics) and Stanford University. He was awarded the Ph.D. in Economics by Stanford University in 1965.

Balestra returned to Switzerland as Professor of Economics and Econometrics at the University of Fribourg. He was also Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Dijon. In 1980 he was called to chair the Department of Econometrics at the University of Geneva.

Balestra continued to be active in his retirement years. He taught at the University of Lugano until his death.

Balestra his noted for his contributions to the econometrics of dynamic error components models, in particular for the generalized least squares estimator known as the Balestra–Nerlove estimator.[2] Balestra was one of the initiators of the foundation of the University of Lugano. His outside connections were critical in gathering support from the Swiss science council.[3] He was the first dean of the faculty of economics.

As the first treasurer of the European Economic Association, Balestra was instrumental in gathering financial support for this Pan-European scientific society.


  • Fellow the Econometric Society [4]
  • Fellow of the Journal of Econometrics
  • President of the Swiss society for economics and statistics

Major publications

  • . (with Marc Nerlove). "Pooling Cross-Section and Time Series Data in the Estimation of Dynamic Models: The Demand for Natural Gas". Econometrica. 34 (3): 585–612. July 1966. JSTOR 1909771.CS1 maint: others (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Demand for Natural Gas in the United States. A Dynamic Approach for the Residential and Commercial Market. Amsterdam. 1967.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "On the Efficiency of Ordinary Least Squares in Regression Models". Journal of the American Economic Association. September 1970.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • . (with Mauro Baranzini). "Some Optimal Aspects in a Two Class Growth Model with a Differentiated Interest Rate". Kyklos. 2. 1971.CS1 maint: others (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Calcul Matriciel pour Economistes. Albeuve. 1972.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "Best Quadratic Unbiased Estimators of the Variance-Covariance Matrix in Normal Regression". Journal of Econometrics. March 1973.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • La derivation matricielle. Paris. 1976.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "A Note on the Exact Transformation Associated with the First Order Moving Average Process". Journal of Econometrics. December 1980.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "A Note on Amemiya's Partially Generalised Least Squares". Journal of Econometrics. 23. 1983.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • . (with J. Varadharajan-Krishnakumar). "Full Information Estimation of a System of Simultaneous Equations with Error Component Structure". Econometric Theory. 3. 1987. doi:10.1017/s0266466600010318.CS1 maint: others (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • . (with Dennis Aigner). "Optimal Experimental Design for Error Components Models". Econometrica. 4: 955–971. 1988. doi:10.2307/1912706.CS1 maint: others (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Matyas, L.; Sevestre, P., eds. (1992). "Formulation and Estimation of Econometric Models for Panel Data". The Econometrics of Panel Data. (with Marc Nerlove). Amsterdam.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


  1. J. Krishnakumar, E. Ronchetti, Panel Data Econometrics: Future Directions, Papers in Honour of Professor Pietro Balestra, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2000
  2. See, for example, Hausman, J. A.; Taylor, W. E. (1981). "Panel Data and Unobservable Individual Effects". Econometrica. 49 (6): 1377–1398. JSTOR 1911406.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. See Corriere del Ticino, june 24, 2005
  4. See