Conservatism is a political and social philosophy that promotes the maintenance of traditional values, accepting that technology and society can shift, but the principles should not. Some conservatives seek to preserve things as they are, emphasizing stability and continuity, while others oppose modernism and seek a return to the way things were. The first established use of the term in a political context was by François-René de Chateaubriand in 1819, following the French Revolution. Political science often credits the Irish politician Edmund Burke with many of the ideas now called conservative.Template:/box-footer
- Luís Alves de Lima e Silva (pictured) was a Brazilian military hero praised for his victories in the Paraguayan War, and that his birthday is celebrated annually as Dia do Soldado?
- ...that in his 1968 Declaration of Perth, British Conservative leader Edward Heath pledged his party's support for Scottish devolution, a policy later reversed by Margaret Thatcher?
- ... that Theodore Dalrymple's book Our Culture, What's Left of It describes British culture as a "moral swamp"?
- 1944 – an assassination attempt is made on Adolf Hitler with involvement by notable German conservatives.
- 1830 – King Charles X of France is overthrown in the French Revolution of 1830, also known as the July Revolution.