Portal:Ethics

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Template:/box-header Ethics (via Latin ethica from the Ancient Greek ἠθική [φιλοσοφία] "moral philosophy", from the adjective of ἤθος ēthos "custom, habit"), a major branch of philosophy, is the study of values and customs of a person or group. It in simplest terms is the philosophy on how to act. It covers the analysis and employment of concepts such as right and wrong, good and evil, and responsibility. It is divided into three primary areas: meta-ethics (the study of the concept of ethics), normative ethics (the study of how to determine ethical values), and applied ethics (the study of the use of ethical values).

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Justice is the concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, fairness, religion and/or equity.[1]

Justice concerns the proper ordering of things and persons within a society. As a concept it has been subject to philosophical, legal, and theological reflection and debate throughout history. A number of important questions surrounding justice have been fiercely debated over the course of western history: What is justice? What does it demand of individuals and societies? What is the proper distribution of wealth and resources in society: equal, meritocratic, according to status, or some other arrangement? There are myriad possible answers to these questions from divergent perspectives on the political and philosophical spectrum.

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Jeremy Bentham (IPA: ['bεnθəm] or ['bεntəm]) (15 February 1748–6 June 1832) was an English jurist, philosopher, and legal and social reformer. He was the brother of Samuel Bentham. He was a political radical, and a leading theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law. He is best known for his advocacy of utilitarianism, for the concept of animal rights,[2][3] and his opposition to the ideas of natural law and natural rights, with his oft-quoted statement that the idea of such laws and rights is "nonsense upon stilts."[4] He also influenced the development of welfarism.[5] He is probably best known in popular society as the originator of the concept of the panopticon.

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  1. Journal of Economic Literature, 41(4), p. 1188.
  2. ThinkQuest Article on Animal Rights
  3. The Moral Status of Animals (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
  4. Harrison, Ross. Jeremy Bentham, in Honderich, Ted. (ed.) The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford, 1995, pp. 85-88. See also Jeremy Bentham, The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  5. Jeremy Bentham: His Life and Impact--jk