Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen

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Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
Princess of Prussia
Adelheid in 1914, the year of her marriage.
Born (1891-08-16)16 August 1891
Died 25 April 1971(1971-04-25) (aged 79)
La Tour-de-Peilz, Switzerland
Spouse Prince Adalbert of Prussia
Issue Princess Victoria Marina
Princess Victoria Marina
Prince Wilhelm Victor
Full name
German: Adelheid Erna Karoline Marie Elisabeth
House Saxe-Meiningen
Father Prince Friedrich Johann of Saxe-Meiningen
Mother Countess Adelaide of Lippe-Biesterfeld

Princess Adelaide "Adi" of Saxe-Meiningen (Adelaide Erna Caroline Marie Elisabeth; later Princess Albert of Prussia; 16 August 1891 – 25 April 1971) was a daughter of Prince Frederick John of Saxe-Meiningen and his wife Countess Adelaide of Lippe-Biesterfeld.[1]


Adelaide (original German: Adelheid)'s father Prince Frederick was a younger son of George II of Saxe-Meiningen by his second wife Feodora of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. She had five siblings, including Prince George, a prisoner of war killed during World War II, and Prince Bernard.

Adelaide's mother, also named Adelaide, was the eldest child of Ernst, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld, who was the Regent of the principality of Lippe for seven years (1897–1904).


On 3 August 1914, at the beginning of World War I, Adelaide married Prince Albert of Prussia (original German: Adalbert) at Wilhelmshaven, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.[1] He was a younger son of Kaiser William II of Germany. Adelaide's father would die within a month, on 23 August 1914. Less than a month after their marriage, Prince Albert was reported to have been killed in battle in Brussels.[2] This was only a rumor however, and the prince had been unharmed. In March 1915, he was promoted to Captain in the navy and Major in the army.[2]

She and Prince Albert had three children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Victoria Marina 4 September 1915 4 September 1915 stillborn daughter
Princess Victoria Marina 11 September 1917 21 January 1981 who married an American lawyer and had issue.
Prince Wilhelm Victor 15 February 1919 7 February 1989 who married at Donaueschingen 20 July 1944 Countess Marie Antoinette Hoyos (27 June 1920 – 1 March 2004).

Their first daughter Victoria Marina died soon after birth, although Adelaide was reported to have been in "satisfactory condition".[2]

Later life

After William II abdicated in 1918 at the end of World War I, Prince Albert sought refuge on his yacht, which had been maintained by a loyal crew.[3] Princess Adelaide and their children soon attempted to follow, travelling by train from Kiel. They were delayed however, and eventually came to be staying in southern Bavaria with Prince Henry of Bavaria (a grandson of Ludwig III of Bavaria) and his wife.[3] She and Prince Albert were later reunited.

Princess Adelaide died on 25 April 1971 in La Tour-de-Peilz, Switzerland.[1] Her husband had died 23 years earlier, on 22 September 1948, at the same location.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Adelheid Arna Karoline Marie Elisabeth Prinzessin von Sachsen-Meiningen". Retrieved 2 January 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Kaiser Loses Grandchild", The New York Times, London, 7 September 1915<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "German Royalties in General Flight; Two Princesses Wounded by Bullets", The New York Times, Copenhagen, 10 November 1918<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>