Principality of Ryazan

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Grand Principality (Duchy) of Ryazan
Великое княжество Рязанское
Until 1097 part of Principality of Chernigov
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Capital Ryazan, (Murom until 1161)
Languages Old East Slavic
Religion Eastern Orthodox Church
Government Principality
Grand Prince of Ryazan Yaroslav Sviatoslavich
Legislature Veche
 •  Established 1097
 •  Incorporation into Moscovy 1521
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Principality of Chernigov
Grand Duchy of Moscow

The Grand Duchy of Ryazan existed from 1078 when it was separated from the Chernigov Principality as the provincial Murom Principality.

Prior to the invasion of Batu Khan

Sometime between 1097 to 1155, the principality became a sovereign state and until 1161, according to the Hypatian Codex, the official name was the Muromo-Ryazan Principality. The first ruler of Ryazan was supposedly Yaroslav Sviatoslavich, Prince of Chernigov (a city of Kievan Rus'), later Prince of Murom-Ryzan. The capital of the Grand Duchy became Ryazan, however the present-day city of Ryazan is located 40 miles north from the original site of the capital today known as Ryazan Staraya (Old Ryazan). By the end of 12th century, the Principality waged wars with the neighboring Grand Duchy of Vladimir-Suzdal. In the course of that stand-off, the city of Ryazan was burned twice in a span of twenty years from 1186 to 1208. In 1217, there was a culminate point in history of Ryazan when during the civil war inside the Duchy six leaders of the state were killed by Gleb Vladimirovich who later defected to Cumans. Sometime around that time the Duchy came under a great influence from the Vladimir-Suzdal which was a factor in the fight of Ryazan to resume its sovereignty. In 1217, Gleb Vladimirovich with the support of Cumans tried to take Ryazan back out of the influence of neighboring northern principality of Vladimir, but he was defeated by another Ryazan prince Ingvar Igorevich who in turn became a sole ruler of the state.

In December of 1237, the Duchy became the first of all other former states of Kievan Rus' to suffer from the Mongol invasion. The Duchy was completely overrun, with almost the whole princely family killed, the capital destroyed, and later moved to another location. In 1238, some of the armed forces of Ryazan withdrew to unite with the Vladimir-Suzdal army and meeting the forces of Batu Khan near Kolomna.

Golden Horde period

In 1301, Prince Daniel of Moscow took Ryazan due the Boyars' betrayal and confined Prince Konstantin to prison. In 1305, Daniel's son Prince Yury of Moscow was ordered to kill him. The two next successors of Konstantin were killed by the Golden Horde. In 1380, Prince Oleg Ivanovich, as an ally of Mamai, took part in the Battle of Kulikovo.

During almost all the its history, the Ryazan Principality was in conflict with its provincial Pronsk Principality until the latter was completely annexed to Ryazan in 1483 during the regency of Anna of Ryazan.

Annexation of Ryazan

In 1520, Grand Prince Vasili III of Russia captured and imprisoned in Moscow the last Grand Prince of Ryazan Ivan V because of his relations with the Crimean Khan Mehmed I Giray. In 1521, Prince Ivan Ivanovich fled into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. After that, in 1521, the Ryazan Principality was merged with Muscovy.

List of Princes of Ryazan

  • 1097–1129 Yaroslav Sviatoslavich
  • 1129–1143 Sviatoslav Yaroslavich (d. 1145)
  • 1143–1145 Rostislav Yaroslavich (d. 1155)
  • 1145–1178 Gleb Rostislavich (d. 1178)
  • 1178–1207 Roman Glebovich (d. ca. 1210)
  • 1213–1217 Roman Igorevich (d. 1217)
  • 1217–1235 Ingvar Igorevich (d. 1235)
  • 1235–1237 Yury Igorevich (d. 1237)
  • 1237–1252 Ingvar Ingvarevich (d. 1252)
  • 1252–1258 Oleg Ingvarevich the Red (1230–1258)
  • 1258–1270 Roman Olegovich (d. 1270), the Saint
  • 1270–1294 Fyodor Romanovich (d. 1294)
  • 1294–1299 Yaroslav Romanovich (d. 1299)
  • 1299–1301 Konstantin Romanovich (d. 1305)
  • 1301–1308 Vasily Konstantinovich (d. 1308)
  • 1308–1327 Ivan Yaroslavich (d. 1327)
  • 1327–1342 Ivan Ivanovich Korotopol (d. 1343)
  • 1342–1344 Yaroslav Aleksandrovich (d. 1344)
  • 1344–1350 Vasily Aleksandrovich (d. 1350)
  • 1350–1402 Oleg Ivanovich (d. 1402)
  • 1402–1427 Fyodor Olegovich (d. 1427)
  • 1427–1456 Ivan Fyodorovich (d. 1456)
  • 1456–1483 Vasily Ivanovich Tretnoy (d. 1483)
  • 1483–1500 Ivan Vasilievich (d. 1500)
  • 1500–1521 Ivan Ivanovich (1496–1534)

See also

External links