Republican Party presidential primaries, 1968

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Republican Presidential Primaries, 1968

← 1964 March 12 to June 11, 1968 1972 →
  Richard Nixon, official bw photo, head and shoulders.jpg Ronald Reagan 1969.jpg Jim Rhodes in Bettsville, Ohio October 15, 1981.jpg
Nominee Richard Nixon Ronald Reagan Jim Rhodes
Party Republican Republican Republican
Home state California California Ohio
States carried 9 1 1
Popular vote 1,679,443 1,696,632 614,492
Percentage 37.54% 37.93% 13.74%

  100px HaroldStassenOfficialOil.jpg Volpe.gif
Nominee Nelson Rockefeller Harold Stassen John Volpe
Party Republican Republican Republican
Home state New York Minnesota Massachusetts
States carried 1 0 0
Popular vote 164,340 31,655 31,465
Percentage 3.67% 0.71% 0.70%

Gold denotes a state won by Richard Nixon. Blue denotes a state won by Nelson Rockefeller. Green denotes a state won by James A. Rhodes. Purple denotes a state won by Ronald Reagan. Grey denotes a state that did not hold a primary.

Republican presidential candidate before election

Barry Goldwater

Republican presidential candidate-elect

Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon campaign rally

The 1968 Republican presidential primaries were the selection process by which voters of the Republican Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 1968 U.S. presidential election. Former Vice President Richard Nixon was selected as the nominee through a series of primary elections and caucuses culminating in the 1968 Republican National Convention held from August 5 to August 8, 1968, in Miami Beach, Florida.

Primary race

Nixon was the front-runner for the Republican nomination and to a great extent the story of the Republican primary campaign and nomination is the story of one Nixon opponent after another entering the race and then dropping out.

Nixon's first challenger was Michigan Governor George W. Romney. A Gallup poll in mid-1967 showed Nixon with 39%, followed by Romney with 25%. However, in a slip of the tongue, Romney told a news reporter that he had been "brainwashed" by the military and the diplomatic corps into supporting the Vietnam War; the remark led to weeks of ridicule in the national news media. As the year 1968 opened, Romney was opposed to further American intervention in Vietnam and had decided to run as the Republican version of Eugene McCarthy (New York Times 2/18/1968). Romney's support faded slowly, and he withdrew from the race on February 28, 1968. (New York Times 2/29/1968).

Nixon won a resounding victory in the important New Hampshire primary on March 12, winning 78% of the vote. Antiwar Republicans wrote in the name of New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller, the leader of the GOP's liberal wing, who received 11% of the vote and became Nixon's new challenger. Nixon led Rockefeller in the polls throughout the primary campaign. Rockefeller defeated Nixon in the Massachusetts primary on April 30 but otherwise fared poorly in the state primaries and conventions.

By early spring, California Governor Ronald Reagan, the leader of the GOP's conservative wing, had become Nixon's chief rival. In the Nebraska primary on May 14, Nixon won with 70% of the vote to 21% for Reagan and 5% for Rockefeller. While this was a wide margin for Nixon, Reagan remained Nixon's leading challenger. Nixon won the next primary of importance, Oregon, on May 15 with 65% of the vote and won all the following primaries except for California (June 4), where only Reagan appeared on the ballot. Reagan's margin in California gave him a plurality of the nationwide primary vote, but when the Republican National Convention assembled, Nixon had 656 delegates according to a UPI poll (with 667 needed for the nomination).

Total popular vote

Statewide contests by winner

Ronald Reagan Richard Nixon James Rhodes Nelson Rockefeller Harold Stassen John Volpe Unpledged
March 12 New Hampshire 0.35% 77.61% - 10.82% 0.41% - -
April 2 Wisconsin 10.36% 79.69% - 1.63% 5.82% - -
April 23 Pennsylvania 3.00% 59.58% - 18.35% - - -
April 30 Massachusetts 1.66% 25.77% - 30.01% - 29.54% -
May 7 Indiana - 100% - - - - -
May 7 Ohio - - 100% - - - -
May 7 Washington, D.C. _ 90.11% - - - - 9.89%
May 14 Nebraska 21.28% 69.92% - 5.09% 1.31% - -
May 14 West Virginia - - - - - - 100%
May 28 Florida - - - - - - 100%
May 28 Oregon 20.41% 65.04% - 11.63% - - -
June 4 California 100% - - - - - -
June 4 New Jersey 3.09% 81.06% - 13.02% - - -
June 4 South Dakota - 100% - - - - -
June 11 Illinois 7.15% 78.07% - 9.66% - - -
  • Italics - Write-In Votes

The convention

At the 1968 Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida, Reagan and Rockefeller planned to unite their forces in a stop-Nixon movement, but the strategy fell apart when neither man agreed to support the other for the nomination. Nixon won the nomination on the first ballot. Nixon then chose Maryland Governor Spiro Agnew to be his Vice-Presidential candidate, despite complaints from within the GOP that Agnew was an unknown quantity, and that a better-known and more popular candidate, such as Romney, should have been the Vice-Presidential nominee. It was also reported that Nixon's first choice for running mate was his longtime friend and ally, Robert Finch, who was Lt. Governor of California since 1967 and later his HEW Secretary, but Finch declined the offer and, in any case, had he run he would have put the Republican ticket at a disadvantage as the Constitution prevents a member of the Electoral College from voting for both President and Vice-President from the Elector's home state.

The Republican Convention Tally
President (before switches) (after switches) Vice President
Richard M. Nixon 692 1238 Spiro T. Agnew 1119
Nelson Rockefeller 277 93 George Romney 186
Ronald Reagan 182 2 John V. Lindsay 10
Ohio Governor James A. Rhodes 55 Massachusetts Senator Edward Brooke 1
Michigan Governor George Romney 50 James A. Rhodes 1
New Jersey Senator Clifford Case 22 Not Voting 16
Kansas Senator Frank Carlson 20
Arkansas Governor Winthrop Rockefeller 18 -
Hawaii Senator Hiram Fong 14 - -
Harold Stassen 2
New York City Mayor John V. Lindsay 1 -


Favorite sons

Declined to run

See also