Robert P. Kennedy

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Robert Patterson Kennedy
Robert P. Kennedy by Howe.jpg
engraving by Henry Howe
18th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
January 11, 1886 – March 3, 1887
Governor Joseph B. Foraker
Preceded by John George Warwick
Succeeded by Silas A. Conrad
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 8th district
In office
March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1891
Preceded by John Little
Succeeded by Darius D. Hare
Personal details
Born (1840-01-23)January 23, 1840
Bellefontaine, Ohio
Died May 6, 1918(1918-05-06) (aged 78)
Bellefontaine, Ohio
Resting place Bellefontaine Cemetery, Bellefontaine, Ohio
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Maria Lewis Gardner
Emma Mendenhall
Children four
Alma mater Geneva College
Yale University

Robert Patterson Kennedy (January 23, 1840 – May 6, 1918)[1] was a U.S. Representative[2] from Ohio, as well as an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War.


Born in Bellefontaine, Ohio, Kennedy attended the public schools and Geneva College in Northwood, Ohio. He was studying at Yale University when the American Civil War broke out.[3][4]

Military career

He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the 23rd Ohio Infantry on June 11, 1861. He served as a captain and assistant adjutant general dating from October 7, 1862, and was promoted to major and assistant adjutant general on November 16, 1864. He resigned April 8, 1865.[5] Kennedy was commissioned as colonel of the 196th Ohio Infantry, on April 14, 1865. He was brevetted as lieutenant colonel of volunteers and brigadier general of volunteers, both dating from March 13, 1865.

Political career

Upon the end of the war and his resignation from the volunteer army, Kennedy returned to Bellefontaine. He studied law with judge William H. West.[3][4] He was admitted to the bar in 1866 and commenced practice in Bellefontaine. He was appointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes as collector of internal revenue for the fourth district of Ohio, serving from 1878 to 1883. He was the Lieutenant Governor of Ohio from 1885–87. Kennedy was elected from Ohio's 8th District as a Republican to the Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses (March 4, 1887 – March 4, 1891). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1890.He was appointed by President William McKinley in 1899 as a member of the Insular Commission, which was directed to investigate and report upon conditions existing in Cuba and Puerto Rico and served as its president.

Death and legacy

Robert P. Kennedy died in Columbus, Ohio, and was interred in the Bellefontaine City Cemetery, Bellefontaine, Logan County, Ohio USA.[1] Kennedy was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, a Scottish Rite Freemason, and member of the Presbyterian Church.[4] He was married on December 29, 1862 at Bellefontaine to Maria Lewis Gardner of that city. She died in 1893, leaving four children.[4] He married at Wabash, Indiana to Emma (Cowgill) Mendenhall of that city on September 4, 1894. She survived him.[4]

Despite his name and profession, he was not related to the Kennedy political family.[6]

Kennedy was the author of The Historical Review of Logan County, Ohio, published in 1903 by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago.[7]

Further reading


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Robert P. Kennedy". Find A Grave. Retrieved 30 August 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Lawrence Kestenbaum. "The Political Graveyard". Retrieved 2008-11-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Smith, Joseph P, ed. (1898). History of the Republican Party in Ohio. I. Chicago: the Lewis Publishing Company. p. 514.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 The National cyclopaedia of American biography: being the history ... 17. New York: James T White and Company. 1920. pp. 201, 202.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Robert P. Kennedy at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-10-18
  6. Lawrence Kestenbaum. "The Political Graveyard". Retrieved 2008-11-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Ohio Memory". Retrieved 2011-05-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

Political offices
Preceded by
John G. Warwick
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
Succeeded by
Silas A. Conrad
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Little
U.S. Representative from Ohio's 8th Congressional District
Succeeded by
Darius D. Hare