Rolan Antonovich Bykov (Ukrainian: Рола́н Анто́нович Би́ков; Russian: Рола́н Анто́нович Бы́ков; November 12, 1929, Kiev – October 6, 1998, Moscow) was a Soviet and Russian actor, film director, script writer, poet, song writer. He was awarded People's Artist of the RSFSR in 1973 and the USSR State Prize in 1986.
Rolan Bykov was born to a Jewish family in Kiev.
He was born Rolan Antonovich Bykov, but in his official documents the name consistently was, following an official's mistake in 1946, misspelt as Roland Anatolyevich (a patronymic from a different name; Bykov's father was Anton and not Anatoly). As an actor, however, he always was called Rolan Bykov and never Roland.
- His first wife - actress Lydia Kniazeva (1925-1987).
- Second wife - actress Elena Sanaeva. Father-in - People's Artist of the USSR Vsevolod Sanaev.
Honours and awards
- Honoured Artist of Russia (1973)
- People's Artist of Russia (1987)
- People's Artist of the USSR (1990)
- Moscow Komsomol Award (1967, for the creation of films for children and youth)
- State Prize of the USSR (1986)
- Nika Prize for Best Actor (1988, film "Commissioner")
- Vasilyev Brothers State Prize of the RSFSR (1987, the film "Dead Man's Letters")
- Prize of the President of the Russian Federation (1998)
- Order For Merit to the Fatherland, 4th class (11 November 1994)
- Gold Medal of Honour of the LN Tolstoy, awarded annually by the International Association Children's Fund (1994)
- Moscow International Film Festival (1971, Grand Prix line of children's films, the film "Attention, Turtle!")
- Festival of Films for Children and Young People in Gijon (1971, Grand Prize "Golden oar", film "Attention, Turtle!")
- TCF (1975, Prize for Best Director, the movie "Car, Violin and Blot the Dog")
- Festival of Films for Youth in Laon (1986, Grand Prize, the film "Scarecrow")
- Pan-European CF children and youth films in Vichy (1987, Grand Prize, the film "Scarecrow")
- Honorary Professor of Moscow State University (1998)