|The Most Reverend
|Archbishop of Hyderabad|
|See||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hyderabad|
|Installed||6 December 1971|
|Term ended||29 January 2000|
|Predecessor||Archbishop G. Joseph Mark|
|Successor||Archbishop M. Joji|
|Ordination||6 May 1950|
|Consecration||13 February 1972|
|Born||28 August 1924
Kilacheri, Tamil Nadu, India
|Died||13 February 2005
Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh
|Parents||Rajamma and Samineni Chinnaiah|
|Motto||Love and Serve|
Archbishop Samineni Arulappa (28 August 1924 – 13 February 2005), often shortened to S Arulappa, was an Indian Roman Catholic clergyman who served as the Archbishop of Hyderabad from December 1971 through January 2000. The youngest priest to be consecrated to such a high office, he was also the longest-serving Catholic Archbishop in India. He was also the first Archbishop who had the honour of being consecrated by Pope Paul VI in Rome (Showrayya 1997, p. 42-51).
"Love and Serve" was his motto (Ecclesiastical Units 2008, p. 40-41).
- 1 Early years
- 2 Divinity & Pastorship
- 3 Archbishopric
- 4 Relations with the Government
- 5 on Secularism
- 6 on Ecumenism & unity of the Church
- 7 Membership
- 8 Honours
- 9 Retirement
- 10 Appraisal
- 11 Writings
- 12 Ordination of women
- 13 Death
- 14 References
Arulappa was born on 28 August 1924 to Rajamma and Samineni Chinnaiah in Kilacheri in the state of Tamil Nadu. Earlier, his ancestors migrated southward from Gandikota after the defeat of the Gandikota rulers (Pemmasani surname) along with many other kamma families of different surnames and settled in that area. Some families migrated towards Guntur side. When the state of Andhra Pradesh was formed, Kilacheri fell under Tamil Nadu.
He was the last born in a family of four sisters, two of whom are nuns, and two brothers (Arulappa, p. 5-6). He was brought up in an atmosphere of strict discipline by his mother who wanted to see her only son become a Priest. The Archbishop reminiscences that her mother looked forward to the day when she could see him as a Priest but both his parents died before he was ordained a priest. He was since supported by his brother Samineni Anthaiah (Arulappa, p. 37-40).
Divinity & Pastorship
Arulappa also evinced keen interest in pursuing the vocation of priesthood and also assisted the Priests as an altar boy during his childhood. He was sent to the Kandy Pontifical College (Known as the Papal Seminary, it was built in 1893 by Pope Leo XIII), Kandy, Sri Lanka to pursue theological studies. The Papal Seminary awarded Arulappa licentiate degrees in Philosophy and Theology (L. Ph. & L. Th.) on successfully completing his studies there. Later in 1955, the said College re-located to Pune [the Papal Seminary / Jnana Deepa Vidyapeeth is located in Ramwadi (Ahmednagar highway), Pune].
Ordination & Professorship
Later, Arulappa was appointed as the Rector of Christ Hall Seminary, a philosophate in Karumathur in Madurai and served as its Rector.
- Archdiocese of Hyderabad
G. Joseph Mark was the fifth Bishop of Hyderabad and later became Archbishop when the diocese of Hyderabad was elevated to an archdiocese on 19 September 1953 (Ecclesiastical Units 2008, p. 39-40). With his death on 28 February 1971, the office of the Archbishop fell vacant.
Fr. S. Arulappa of the archdiocese of Madras-Mylapore was brought-in and nominated to the archbishopric of Hyderabad.
On 6 December 1971, he was appointed as the Archbishop of Hyderabad. He was consecrated principally by Pope Paul VI and co-consecrators Cardinals Alfrink and Conway on 13 February 1972 at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.
Later, he was installed as the Archbishop of Hyderabad on 19 March 1972 in the All Saints' School Grounds in Abids, Hyderabad (Ecclesiastical Units 2008, p. 40-41).
Arulappa recollects that on 12 December 1971, he received a letter from the Apostolic Nunciature stating that he had been nominated as the Archbishop of Hyderabad and all that he could do was just kneel down and pray like never before.
When the Archbishop took over the reins of the archdiocese, there were 18 parishes At the time of his retirement, there were 60 parishes which speaks about the work he undertook.
About 85 priests were ordained in the archdiocese during his Archbishopric.
Arrival of the Religious Congregations
Altogether, 37 religious congregations were invited to work in the archdiocese.
Apart from the formation of the Hyderabad Archdiocese Education Society (HAES), 35 high schools and 14 junior and degree colleges were opened.
- Arulappa was instrumental in founding the Hyderabad Archdiocese Social Service Society (HASSS) in 1973 which  is involved in diverse developmental activities cutting across religious lines.
- Pastoral Centre
- Hyderabad Archdiocese Education Society (HAES)
- Amruthavani communications centre
- Andhra Pradesh Social Service Society
Missionaries of Charity
In the year 1974, the Archbishop visited Calcutta for a CBCI meeting and proceeded to invite Blessed Mother Teresa to work in the archdiocese of Hyderabad (Arulappa, p. 47-50). It was only in 1978 that the missionaries of charity started arriving in Secunderabad. On 15 August 1978, the work of the Missionaries of Charity was inaugurated. Later in January 1979, when Blessed Mother Teresa arrived in Hyderabad for the first time, the Archbishop was there to receive her and later took her to the residence of the then Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Dr. Marri Chenna Reddy who offered a part of a hospital in new Bhoiguda in Secunderabad for establishing a home for the dying destitute.
Erection of new dioceses
During the archbishopric of Arulappa, the region of Andhra Pradesh saw the erection of five new dioceses.
Relations with the Government
Archbishop Arulappa did maintain good relations with the Government. But when it came to laxity on the part of the Government, he used to take them to task through the media.
Secunderabad hosts the Presidents of India annually. Rashtrapati Nilayam in Secunderabad is home to the Presidents during summers. The Archbishop used to call on them during the President's sojourn to Secunderabad. In the year 1982, the President Giani Zail Singh even visited the St. Mary's Church in Secunderabad on invitation by the Archbishop.
The Archbishop was known for his secular outlook. He remarked that one should have respect for other religions and used to maintain cordial relations with leaders of other religious affiliations and was even invited to various fora. He spoke at spiritual conferences organised by Swami Ranganathananda of the Ramakrishna Mission and Swami Chidananda Saraswati of the Divine Life Society.
on Ecumenism & unity of the Church
The Archbishop never used to turn down any invitation extended by the different Church societies belonging to either Catholic, Orthodox or Protestant backgrounds. He considered himself as a Father to all.
At another convention, he proposed common Eucharist among the Catholic and Protestant Churches.
The yearly United Christmas Celebrations organised by the laymen of the Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant backgrounds was the brainchild of the lay Methodists of Hyderabad. Together, they approached the three Bishop's resident in Hyderabad, namely, Archbishop S. Arulappa, Bishop Victor Premasagar (CSI Bishop-in-Medak), and Bishop Elia Peter (Methodist Bishop of Hyderabad Regional Conference) who gave their nod and thus was born the United Christmas Celebrations, a yearly event to which either the Governor or Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh are invited with participation by all the Churches of Hyderabad.
- Catholic Bishop's Conference of India
- Andhra Pradesh Bishop's Council
- Chairman of the CBCI Commission of Education
Episcopal silver jubilee
On 8 February 1997, the Archbishop celebrated his episcopal silver jubilee in the grounds of St. Mary's High School in Secunderabad. Eight regional bishops were also present. The book "Want to be a Hero" authored by the Archbishop was also released.
A Silver Jubilee Souvenir describing the achievements of Archbishop Arulappa was also released by the Archdiocese of Hyderabad entitled Archbishop Arulappa completes a Quarter Century with articles by:
- Msgr. B. Julian
- Rev. Fr. J. Studen
- Dr. B. F. Showrayya
- Sri B. S. Innaiah
- Smt. Evonne Maria
- Kum. Corinne Campos
- Smt. Christina Andrews
- Smt. Nirmala Nair
Priestly golden jubilee
On 6 May 2000, the Archbishop celebrated his priestly golden jubilee.
On his retirement, the Archdiocese of Hyderabad released a book "Love and Serve", a brief memoir authored by Archbishop Arulappa himself.
- Dr. J. A. Oliver of the Andhra Pradesh Council of Churches:
|“||...Fr. Arulappa was known for his uprightness and never minced words in distinguishing religion from culture.||”|
|“||...admired for his patriotism and bold espousal of cultural nationalism.||”|
|“||...He was a man of the masses and people not only of the Catholic community but those from all religions loved and respected him immensely.||”|
- Sri K. R. Suresh Reddy, Speaker of the Legislature of Andhra Pradesh:
|“||...a man of great image who dwelt on the hearts of multitude of people on the dint of his unforgettable social service.||”|
- Martin Michael and James Sylvester of the Catholic Association of Hyderabad
|“||...During his three-decade-long tenure, he had seen the growth of the Archdiocese of Hyderabad from a mere 10 parishes to 72 in the districts of Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy, Medak and Nizamabad.||”|
- Want to be a Hero - Anecdotes with a message, 1999, Amruthavani Publications, Secunderabad.
- The Ethics of Religious Conversions, (with Dr. David Frawley), Pragna Bharathi, Hyderabad.
- Quoted in B. K. Kiran's Education in Human Values for the Twenty-first Century, a NCERT publication
|“||...Perhaps the most fundamental and insidious challenge, is “lack of political will”. Archbishop of Hyderabad, the Rev. Samineni Arulappa (1999) perceives a reason behind this frequently lamented phenomenon: “Apparently there seems to be no political will to solve the problems of education. Many political leaders often seems to be not really interested to change the system. They are happy to keep the masses ignorant and illiterate. There are people who say that the Indian politicians and bureaucrats have never sincerely tried to educate the masses. Once education becomes compulsory and universal, people will be conscious of their rights and will not allow themselves to be exploited. They can elect their leaders on the basis of character, intellectual and moral excellence rather than region and religion.” Where will political will come from? Or, perhaps more pressingly, can anything be done about the increasing void of “character, intellectual and moral excellence” among the populace in the meantime?||”|
Ordination of women
The eminent Catholic scholar and theologian Father John Wijngaards, MHM, L.S.S. (Rome), D. Th. (Rome) served as a lecturer in St. John's Regional Seminary, Hyderabad from 1964-1976 during the archbishopric of Arulappa. He espoused the cause of women priests.
Although Archbishop Arulappa expressed his respect for women, he remained faithful to the stance taken by Rome regarding women's ordination. Speaking at the plenary of the Association of Theologically Trained Women of India (ATTWI), held at the Auditorium of Stanley Girls High School, Chapel Road, Hyderabad in the year 1999, he said that women in the Catholic Church were even given duties like Bible reading, offering communion, etc. and were also holding independent positions in religious orders and managing institutions.
Once, while addressing the Catholic Family Movement, he jocularly remarked that "God created man and rested. He created woman and neither God or man rested. That is the problem of all married people." On another occasion, he remarked that "Women are only asking for equality. I am one of those who say that women are actually superior to men !". Were the Archbishop remarks veiled references to his upbringing in a family of four sisters and a mother ?
G. Joseph Mark
|Archbishop of Hyderabad
- Access My Library, Former Archbishop Arulappa Passes Away
- Showrayya, B.F., Archbishop S. Arulappa as I know him, in silver jubilee souvenir published by Archdiocese of Hyderabad (1997), Archbishop's House, 9-1-17/1, Sardar Patel Road, Secunderabad 500 003, Andhra Pradesh, India
- Ecclesiastical Units 2008, Archdiocese of Hyderabad, Archbishop's House, 9-1-17/1, Sardar Patel Road, Secunderabad 500 003, Andhra Pradesh, India
- Arulappa S., Archbishop, Love and Serve, Archdiocese of Hyderabad, Archbishop's House, 9-1-17/1, Sardar Patel Road, Secunderabad 500 003, Andhra Pradesh, India
- Papal Seminary, Pune[dead link]
- Memorial card of Archbishop Arulappa, privately circulated on his memorial service in February 2005.
- Catholic Hierarchy, Archbishop Arulappa
- Memorial card of Archbishop Arulappa
- The Hindu, Andhra Pradesh, Monday, 14 February 2005 "Arulappa's services will be remembered, says YSR"
- Roy, Raja Mohan, History of the United Christmas Celebrations, 1990, Hyderabad
- The Hindu, Andhra Pradesh, Tuesday, 15 February 2005
- Pragna Bharathi, Hyderabad[dead link]
- National Council of Educational Research & Training, Publication Abstract [dead link]
- Association for the Rights of the Catholics in the Church, Catholic Priest resigns from the priestly ministry because of conflict of conscience, Press statement by John Wijngaards arcc-catholic-rights.org
- ATTWI handbook (2007) for Members
- The Hindu, Andhra Pradesh, Monday, 14 February 2005 "Archbishop Arulappa passes away"