Savur-Mohyla

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Savur-Mohyla Memorial
 Soviet Union
Саур-Могила.jpg
Savur-Mohyla Memorial, 2008
For Red Army soldiers fallen during World War II
Unveiled 1963
Location near Snizhne
Designed by Anatoly Ignashchenko

Savur-Mohyla (Ukrainian: Савур-могила), sometimes transcribed as Savur-Mogila or Saur-Mogila (Russian: Саур-Могила), is a strategic height in the Donets ridge near the city of Snezhnoye, located about 5 km (3.1 mi) away from the border between Ukraine and Russia (Rostov Oblast).

It is originally a tumulus (kurgan) - "mohyla" means "tumulus" in Ukrainian and according to one interpretation the word "Savur" comes from Turkic "Sauyr", meaning "steppe mound shaped like horse bottom."

World War II

During the Great Patriotic War, Saur-Mohyla was the focal point of intense fighting. Only in August 1943, Soviet troops managed to retake control of the height from German forces. In 1963 a memorial complex was unveiled on the top of the hill to honour the fallen soldiers.[1]

2014 war in Donbass

In 2014, during the long-time military conflict between Ukrainian troops and Donbass pro-Russian fighters, the Saur-Mohyla height was captured by the pro-Russian fighters. On July 23, 2014, pro-Russians shot down two Ukrainian Air Force Sukhoi Su-25 (NATO reporting name "Frogfoot") ground-attack aircraft flying at 17,000 feet (5,182 meters) over Saur-Mohyla, using Russian AA systems.[2][3]

On July 28, 2014, after intense fighting, the Armed Forces of Ukraine claimed that they recaptured control of Saur-Mohyla from the pro-Russian fighters.[4] However commander of the pro-Russian Donetsk People's Republic pro-Russian fighters Igor Girkin, denied Savur-Mohyla had been lost, saying fighting was continuing.[5] Followings its capture by the Ukrainian army on August 9, 2014,[6] the insurgents recaptured the hill on August 26, 2014.[7][8] During the fighting the hill changed hands about 8 times.

Destruction of the memorial

On August 21, 2014, the memorial's obelisk collapsed after enduring weeks of heavy shelling.[7][9]

References

Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.