Savur-Mohyla Memorial, 2008
|For Red Army soldiers fallen during World War II|
|Designed by||Anatoly Ignashchenko|
Savur-Mohyla (Ukrainian: Савур-могила), sometimes transcribed as Savur-Mogila or Saur-Mogila (Russian: Саур-Могила), is a strategic height in the Donets ridge near the city of Snezhnoye, located about 5 km (3.1 mi) away from the border between Ukraine and Russia (Rostov Oblast).
It is originally a tumulus (kurgan) - "mohyla" means "tumulus" in Ukrainian and according to one interpretation the word "Savur" comes from Turkic "Sauyr", meaning "steppe mound shaped like horse bottom."
World War II
During the Great Patriotic War, Saur-Mohyla was the focal point of intense fighting. Only in August 1943, Soviet troops managed to retake control of the height from German forces. In 1963 a memorial complex was unveiled on the top of the hill to honour the fallen soldiers.
2014 war in Donbass
In 2014, during the long-time military conflict between Ukrainian troops and Donbass pro-Russian fighters, the Saur-Mohyla height was captured by the pro-Russian fighters. On July 23, 2014, pro-Russians shot down two Ukrainian Air Force Sukhoi Su-25 (NATO reporting name "Frogfoot") ground-attack aircraft flying at 17,000 feet (5,182 meters) over Saur-Mohyla, using Russian AA systems.
On July 28, 2014, after intense fighting, the Armed Forces of Ukraine claimed that they recaptured control of Saur-Mohyla from the pro-Russian fighters. However commander of the pro-Russian Donetsk People's Republic pro-Russian fighters Igor Girkin, denied Savur-Mohyla had been lost, saying fighting was continuing. Followings its capture by the Ukrainian army on August 9, 2014, the insurgents recaptured the hill on August 26, 2014. During the fighting the hill changed hands about 8 times.
Destruction of the memorial
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saur-Mogila.|
- GPW Veterans Celebrate Victory Day At Saur-Mohyla, UKRINFORM, May 9, 2008
- Two Ukrainian fighter jets shot down as Kiev accuses Moscow of sending more arms to fighters, FoxNews, July 23, 2014.
- Two Ukrainian military jets shot down over rebel-held area, Washington Post, July 23, 2014.
- Ukrainian Armed Forces take control of Saur-Mohyla - report to president, Interfax, July 28, 2014.
- "Ukraine claims more territory as fight intensifies with rebels". www.reuters.com. Reuters. 28 July 2014. Retrieved July 2014. Check date values in:
- Ополчение отступило со стратегической высоты Саур-Могила // РИА Новости, 09.08.2014
- Panoramic video of the destroyed memorial, Lifenews.ru, August 28, 2014
- Donetsk militia claims assuming control of border stretch to Azov Sea, ITAR-TASS, August 26, 2014
- Savur-Mohyla Left Without Obelisk Because of Shelling, Censor.NET, August 21, 2014
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