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File:Scholarpedia logo.png
Web address
Slogan The peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia
Commercial? No
Type of site
Internet encyclopedia
Registration Optional (required to edit pages)
Available in English
Content license
CC BY-NC-SA 3.0[1]
Created by Eugene M. Izhikevich
Launched February 5, 2006
Alexa rank
146,374 (February 2013)[2]
Current status 671 peer-reviewed articles, 1700 in progress (December 2010)

Scholarpedia is an English-language online wiki-based encyclopedia with features commonly associated with open-access online academic journals, which aims to have quality content.

Scholarpedia articles are written by invited expert authors and are subject to peer review.[3] Scholarpedia lists the real names and affiliations of all authors, curators and editors involved in an article: however, the peer review process (which can suggest changes or additions, and has to be satisfied before an article can appear) is anonymous. Scholarpedia articles are stored in an online repository, and can be cited as conventional journal articles (Scholarpedia has the ISSN number 1941-6016). Scholarpedia's citation system includes support for revision numbers.

The project was created in February 2006 by Eugene M. Izhikevich, while he was a researcher at the Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, California. Izhikevich is also the encyclopedia's editor-in-chief.


Scholarpedia main page

Scholarpedia is not a general encyclopedia; it focuses on the fields of computational neuroscience, touch, dynamical systems, computational intelligence, physics and astrophysics.[4] In April 2009, Scholarpedia amounted to 500 peer-reviewed accepted articles and about 1400 articles at diverse stages of completion.[citation needed]


To ensure that the articles are written by experts, authors of the various articles in Scholarpedia are either invited by the editor-in-chief or other curators, or selected by a public election. For example, Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger were nominated for the article on Wikipedia.[5] As of May 2009, the list of authors included four Fields medalists and sixteen Nobel prize winners.[6] Registered users must provide their full real name, and a recognised affiliation to an academic institution. Only registered users can edit an article, and those edits are subject to approval by the curator of the article, who is typically the author.[7] Curatorship is transferrable. Users have a curator index attribute which is incremented or decremented by various activities and which affects the user's capabilities on the website.

After October 20, 2011, anyone can propose an article for Scholarpedia, but articles must be sponsored by Editors or Curators before the article can be published.[8]


Articles are available online without charge for non-commercial use, but may not be copied in bulk. Authors are credited on the article page.[citation needed]

As of January 2008, Scholarpedia changed their licensing policy and now also accepts articles under the GNU Free Documentation License and the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 license, in addition to the earlier system in which the author gives a non-exclusive license directly to Scholarpedia.[9][10]


Scholarpedia uses the same wiki engine as Wikipedia, MediaWiki, with modifications to support voting on revisions. The software's development is done privately.[11]

See also


  1. "Scholarpedia:Terms of use". Scholarpedia. Retrieved 2012-10-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. " Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2013-02-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Scholarpedia: the free peer-reviewed encyclopedia". Society of Applied Neuroscience. 2006-11-11. Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2014-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Scholarpedia". The MIT Presslog. 2007-01-08. Retrieved 2007-03-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "User:Eugene M. Izhikevich/Proposed/Wikipedia". Scholarpedia. 2008-04-20. Retrieved 2014-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Editorial: Wouldn't you like to know?". Nature Physics. 4 (7): 505. 2008. doi:10.1038/nphys1012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Help:Frequently Asked Questions". Scholarpedia. sec. How is an article maintained?. Retrieved 2012-05-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Scholarpedia - Scholarpedia". Retrieved 2015-10-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Talk:Scholarpedia". Scholarpedia. 2008-02-15. sec. Comments on copyright and patents. Retrieved 2014-03-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Scholarpedia:Terms of Use". Scholarpedia. 2012-09-08. sec. Scholarpedia's Licenses to You, and Your license to parties other than Scholarpedia. Retrieved 2014-03-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Help:Frequently Asked Questions". Scholarpedia. sec. How can I contribute to the source code?. Retrieved 2012-05-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links