Seminole County, Florida

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Seminole County, Florida
File:Sanford, FL, Courthouse, Seminole County, 08-08-2010 (9).JPG
Seminole County Courthouse
Seal of Seminole County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Seminole County
Location in the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded April 25, 1913
Named for Seminole people
Seat Sanford
Largest city Sanford
 • Total 345 sq mi (894 km2)
 • Land 309 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Water 36 sq mi (93 km2), 10.4%
 • (2013) 436,041
 • Density 1,372/sq mi (529.72/km²)
Congressional districts 5th, 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Seminole County (/ˈsɛmnl/, SEM-i-nohl) is a county in the state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 422,718.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Sanford.[2]

Seminole County is included in the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.


On July 21, 1821, there were two counties that formed Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east. In 1824, the area to the south of St. Johns County was designated Mosquito County, with its seat at Enterprise. The county's name was changed to Orange County in 1845 when Florida became a state, and over the next 70 years several other counties were created. Seminole County was one of the last to split.

Seminole County was created on April 25, 1913 out of part of the northern portion of Orange County by the Florida Legislature. It was named for the Seminole people who historically lived throughout the area. The name "Seminole" is thought to be derived from the Spanish word cimarron, meaning "wild" or "runaway."


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 345 square miles (890 km2), of which 309 square miles (800 km2) is land and 36 square miles (93 km2) (10.4%) is water.[3] It is the fourth-smallest county in Florida by land area and third-smallest by total area.

Seminole County's location between Volusia County and Orange County has made it one of the fastest-growing counties in Florida. The Greater Orlando Metropolitan District which includes Seminole, Osceola, and the surrounding counties of Lake and Orange counties, together with neighboring Volusia and Brevard counties create a viable, progressive and diverse setting for economic growth and residential development.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 10,986
1930 18,735 70.5%
1940 22,304 19.0%
1950 26,883 20.5%
1960 54,947 104.4%
1970 83,692 52.3%
1980 179,752 114.8%
1990 287,529 60.0%
2000 365,196 27.0%
2010 422,718 15.8%
Est. 2014 442,516 [4] 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census of 2000, there were 365,196 people, 139,572 households, and 97,281 families residing in the county. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that the population of the County has grown to 394,878 by 2003. Current 2012 estimates put the population at more than 430,838. The population density was 1,185 people per square mile (458/km²). There were 147,079 housing units at an average density of 477 per square mile (184/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.4% White, 9.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.5% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 11.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 139,572 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07. The Department of Education states that in 2003, school enrollment was approximately 72,630. As of 2006, the Seminole County School District was the 52nd largest in the nation.[9]

2003 population is 394,878; 2003 school enrollment is 72,630.

Population was distributed with 25.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,326, and the median income for a family was $56,895. Males had a median income of $40,001 versus $28,217 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,591. About 5.1% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over. As of March 2009, according to Workforce Central Florida, the unemployment rate for Seminole County is 9.2 percent.


The following reflects the latest year available for religious statistics, which was 2000.[10]

  • Did not claim a religious affiliation - 230,901
  • Catholic - 60, 191
  • Evangelical Protestant - 48,430
  • Mainline Protestant - 19,713
  • Other - 5,487
  • Orthodox - 474


The government currently operates under a County Charter originally adopted in 1989 and amended in November, 1994. Policymaking and the legislative authority are vested in the Board of County Commissioners, a five-member board elected to four-year terms in partisan, countywide elections and from single member districts. The Board adopts the County budget, levies property taxes and other fees, and hires the County Manager and County Attorney. In addition to the Board there are five Constitutional Officers who are elected to partisan, four-year terms in accordance with the constitution of the State of Florida.

Seminole County has adopted GASB 34 in 2002, so revenues and expenses in total only available from that time.

The Constitutional Officers, Clerk of the Circuit and County Courts, Sheriff, Tax Collector, Property Appraiser, and Supervisor of Elections, maintain separate accounting records and budgets. The Board funds a portion or, in certain instances, all of the operating budgets of the County's Constitutional Officers.

The County provides a full range of services; the construction and maintenance of the County's infrastructure, public safety, recreation, health and human services, and development and protection of the physical and economic environment.

In addition to the County Government described above, there are other political entities which are controlled by the County, but have their own appointed boards; the Seminole County Expressway Authority, the Seminole County Port Authority, the Fred R. Wilson Memorial Law Library and the US 17-92 Community Redevelopment Agency

Principal Officials

The following officers are elected as indicated:

  • Commissioner, District I - Bob Dallari
  • Commissioner, District II - John Horan
  • Commissioner, District III - Lee Constantine
  • Commissioner, District IV - Carlton D. Henley
  • Commissioner, District V - Brenda Carey
  • Clerk of the Circuit Court - Maryanne Morse
  • Sheriff - Donald F. Eslinger
  • Tax Collector - Ray Valdes
  • Property Appraiser - David Johnson
  • Supervisor of Elections - Mike Ertel
  • County Manager (appointed) - Nicole Guillet
  • County Attorney (appointed) - A. Bryant Applegate


The library system was founded in 1978 by the Seminole County Board of County Commissioners. It contains 500,000 volumes and has a circulation of 2.5 million books annually.[11] There are five branches, located in the cities of Casselberry, Sanford, Lake Mary, Oviedo, and Longwood.[12]

An online catalog is available including access to e-books and audio books. Library cards are restricted to county residents, property owners, students (enrolled in a county public school), or employed by the county government.[13]


AAA and Ruth's Hospitality Group have their headquarters in Heathrow, unincorporated Seminole County.[14][15]

Principal Taxpayers

Taxpayer Type of Business Assessed Valuation Percent of Total Taxable Valuation
Colonial Realty LP Property Management / Development $217,597,511 1.18%
Progress Energy Florida, Inc. Electric Utility 162,934,377 .88%
BellSouth Telecommunications Communications 91,591,862 .50%
Seminole Towne Center LP Shopping Mall 87,867,747 .48%
Altamonte Mall A Jt. Venture Shopping Mall 86,903,276 .47%
Sprint Nextel Corp. Communications 83,090,520 .45%
Convergys Call Center Outsourcing 68,774,402 .37%
United Dominion Realty Tr Property Management / Development 61,467,400 .33%
Rouse-Orlando Inc. Shopping Mall 60,318,083 .33%

Per Capita Income and Unemployment Rate

2001 per capita income is $31,897; 2003 unemployment rate is 5.4% (national is 6.0%)


Seminole County Public Schools operates public schools.


Interstates and Expressways

Surface Roads


Public Transportation



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "National Center for Educations Statistics - 100 Largest School Districts in the United States". Retrieved 2008-07-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "The Association of Religion Data Archives | Maps & Reports". Retrieved 2012-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Seminole County Public Library: About Us". Seminole County Government. Retrieved 26 July 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Seminole County Public Library: Branch Information". Seminole County Government. Retrieved 26 July 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Seminole County Public Library: Obtaining a Library Card". Seminole County Government. Retrieved 26 July 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Heathrow CDP, Florida." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  15. "Home Office." Ruth's Hospitality Group. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.

External links

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