Sensualism (also called sensationalism or sensism) is a philosophical doctrine of the theory of knowledge, according to which sensations and perception are the basic and most important form of true cognition. It may oppose abstract ideas. The basic principle of sensualism is "there is not anything in mind, which hasn't been in the sensations."
The great philosophers of sensualism are:
- Thomas Aquinas
- John Locke
- Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury
- George Berkeley
- David Hume
- Étienne Bonnot de Condillac
- Claude Adrien Helvétius
- William James
- Friedrich Nietzsche
- José Ortega y Gasset; Julián Marías (2000). Meditations on Quixote. trans. Evelyn Rugg and Diego Marín. University of Illinois Press. p. 85. ISBN 0-252-06895-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- According to Schopenhauer, this judgment was attributed to Aristotle. Schopenhauer presents the Latin version as Nihil est in intellectu nisi quod antea fuerit in sensu. See The World as Will and Representation, Volume II, Chapter VII. It is possible that it was mentioned by the Stoic Cicero and was repeated by Augustine of Hippo and Thomas Aquinas.
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