Sergei Grigoryants

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Sergei Ivanovich Grigoryants
Native name Сергей Иванович Григорьянц (Сергій Іванович Григорьянц)
Born (1941-05-12) May 12, 1941 (age 81)
Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Nationality Armenian[1]-Ukrainian
Citizenship Soviet Union (1941–1991) → Russia (1991–present)
Alma mater Moscow State University, Kiev Polytechnic Institute, Riga Civil Aviation Engineers Institute
Occupation aerospace engineering, journalism, literary criticism, human rights activism, publishing
Known for publishing Glasnost magazine, chairing the Glasnost Defense Foundation
Movement dissident movement in the Soviet Union
Awards World Association of Newspapers' Golden Pen of Freedom Award

Sergei Ivanovich Grigoryants (Russian: Серге́й Ива́нович Григорья́нц, Ukrainian: Сергі́й Іва́нович Григорья́нц, born 12 May 1941, Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union) is a Soviet dissident and former political prisoner, journalist, literary critic,[2] chairman of the Glasnost Defense Foundation. He was imprisoned for 10 years[3] in Chistopol jail as a political prisoner for anti-Soviet activities, from 1975 to 1980 and then four more years starting in 1983 on similar charges.[4]


Sergei Grigoryants is of Armenian-Ukrainian descent.[5] He studied at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, the faculty of journalism at the Moscow State University and the Riga Civil Aviation Engineers Institute.

In 1975, Grigoryants was arrested by the KGB and sentenced to five years in prison for anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda.

After his release in 1982, he circulated in samizdat information on human rights violations in the Soviet Union as editor of the periodical Bulletin V.[6] For this activity, he was again arrested in 1984 and sentenced to ten years of strict regime labor camp.[7]

After the beginning of Gorbachev's perestroika he was released in 1987 under an amnesty.[8] He immediately resumed his human rights activities and proceeded to publish Glasnost magazine, criticizing the communist system.[9]

In May 1989 Grigoryants created and headed the union of independent journalists, which included a number of journalists representing independent (samizdat) printed in the USSR.

In 1989, Grigoryants was awarded Golden Pen of Freedom Award of the World Association of Newspapers.[10]

In the 1990s he regularly voiced his demands for lustration, filed a lawsuit against the KGB, demanded to return his confiscated archive.

Sergey Grigoryants is in opposition to Putin's policies, in particular, he expressed protests against the infringement of democratic freedoms in Russia and criticized the government for the war in Chechnya.


  1. ГРИГОРЬЯНЦ Сергей Иванович - Labirinth
  2. Keller, Bill (22 February 1987). "Where cold and food are the tools for torture". The New York Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Reed, Barbara (January 1990). "Glasnost: the slogan, the reality, the magazine". Ecquid Novi: African Journalism Studies. 11 (1): 20–43. doi:10.1080/02560054.1990.9653028.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Sergei Grigoryants: self-appointed guardian of glasnost". UPI. 27 March 1988.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. ГРИГОРЬЯНЦ Сергей Иванович - Labirinth
  6. "Бюллетени «В» и «+»". (in Russian). Memorial. Retrieved 2016-04-04. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Alexeyeva, Ludmilla (1987) [1985]. Soviet Dissent: Contemporary Movements for National, Religious, and Human Rights. Carol Pearce, John Glad (trans.). Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press. p. 373. ISBN 0-8195-6176-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. McGuire, Michael (19 May 1988). "Soviets Free 42 Dissidents". The Chicago Tribune.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Волчек, Дмитрий (19 November 2012). "Фра Беато Анжелико из диссидентской квартиры" [Fra Beato Angelico of dissident apartments] (in Russian). Radio Liberty.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "About the Golden Pen of Freedom - WAN-IFRA". Retrieved 2016-04-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


Further reading