Stalingrad (1989 film)

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Stalingrad Ozerov.jpg
From left to right: Ozerov, Oleg Uryumtsev, Fedor Bondarchuk and Tigran Keosayan during the filming.
Directed by Yuri Ozerov
Produced by Clarence Avant, Quincy Jones
Screenplay by Yuri Ozerov
Starring Powers Boothe
Narrated by Artiom Karapetian
Music by Yuri Levitin
Cinematography Igor Slabnevich, Vladimir Gusev
Edited by Svetlana Metelitsa, Svetlana Ivanova
Mosfilm (Russia release)
DEFA (Germany release)
Barrandov Studios (Czech Republic release)
Warner Bros. Pictures (US release)
Release dates
February 1990
Running time
196 minutes (combined)
Country Soviet Union
East Germany
United States
Language Russian, German[1]
Budget $2,500,000[2]

Stalingrad (Russian: Сталинград) is a 1989 two-part Soviet-East German-Czechoslovak-American co-production directed by Yuri Ozerov, who also wrote the script. The film revolves around the Battle of Stalingrad.


Film I

In January 1942, Adolf Hitler appoints Fedor von Bock to command Army Group South and supervise Operation Blau. The German forces advance in the south of Russia, scattering the Soviets and approaching Stalingrad, that seems on the verge of falling to the enemy's hands. The movie ends with Vasily Chuikov assuming command of the 62nd Army at September.

Film II

The Germans attack Stalingrad, and are engaged in close-quartered combat within the city. Chuikov's soldiers manage to hold on to their positions; On 19 November 1942, the Red Army launches a successful counter-offensive and encircles the Wehrmacht formations. In February 1943, the German 6th Army surrenders to the Soviets.


The film was a sequel to Ozerov's 1985 Battle of Moscow, with its plot starting directly in the beginning of the former, after von Bock failed to capture Moscow. In general, Stalingrad was Ozerov's fourth work dealing with the Soviet-German War, after the 1970–71 series Liberation, the 1977 TV mini-series Soldiers of Freedom and Battle of Moscow.[3]

Due to the harsh economic conditions in the late 1980s Soviet Union, Ozerov was unable to secure funding for his film inside the USSR. After deliberations, he approached the American Warner Brothers for assistance. The company agreed to provide financial support, but demanded that American actors would be given representation. The reluctant director had to cast Powers Boothe for the title role of General Vasily Chuikov.[4] The film was the first Soviet-American co-production in the Perestroika era.[2]


The film was poorly received, and it was Ozerov's first work which failed to secure any nominations since 1958. At 1993, the director used footage from Stalingrad for the frame story of his last film, Angels of Death, about a sniper duel taking place during the battle for the city. Montage from Stalingrad was also included in two TV anthologies of select material from Ozerov's films, The Tragedy of the Twentieth Century and The Great Captain Georgy Zhukov.[5]



External links