The Bolt (Shostakovich)
The Bolt (Russian: Болт), Op. 27 is a ballet music score written by Dmitri Shostakovich between 1930 and 1931 to a libretto by Vladimir Smirnov. The full-length ballet in three acts and seven scenes was choreographed by Fyodor Lopukhov and premiered on 8 April 1931 at the State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet in Leningrad.
The ballet is an ironic tale of slovenly work in a Soviet factory. The lazy Lyonka hates work and together with a local priest and anti-Soviet plotter he plans to sabotage the machinery by putting a bolt in it. Their plan is foiled by a group of Young Communists.
Woodwinds: piccolo, 2 flutes (2nd doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, cor anglais, 2 Bb clarinets, Eb clarinet (doubling bass clarinet), 2 bassoons, double bassoon
Brass: 6 French horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, 1 tuba
Percussion: timpani, triangle, tambourine, snare drums, cymbals, bass drum, gong, glockenspiel
Strings: violins, violas, cellos, double basses
Banda in Finale: Eb cornet, 2 Bb cornets, 2 trombones, 8 saxophones (2A,2T,2Bar,2B)
The premiere was the only performance for 74 years, as the audience jeered it and the critics upbraided it for its un-Soviet intentions. Along with his other ballets The Limpid Stream and The Golden Age, the work was banned after Shostakovich's first denunciation by the authorities. He subsequently put parts of it in his other music.
The waspish and delightfully colourful score bowls along like a children’s cartoon-film, every number full of drama and parody and fine take-offs of serious and popular music of every kind. Among the highlights are the opening scene when the workers gather in the morning for their physical fitness class before hitting the conveyor belts, the appearance of pompous and opinionated officials and bureaucrats, a ridiculous church-going episode, and the exciting scene when the sabotage-conspiracy nearly succeeds and is only foiled at the last moment. There are also plenty of numbers which mimic the whirling and hammering sounds of modern factory machinery.
Shostakovich composed a suite from the ballet, Op. 27a, with 8 movements:
- Overture (Introduction)
- The Bureaucrat (Polka)
- The Drayman's Dance (Variations)
- Koelkov's Dance with Friends (Tango)
- The Dance of the Colonial Slave-Girl
- The Appeaser
- General Dance and Apotheosis
- McBurney, Gerard. Dmitri Shostakovich - The Bolt
- Fay, Laurel E. ed. (2004). Shostakovich and His World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.