Thomas Worthington (governor)
|6th Governor of Ohio|
December 8, 1814 – December 14, 1818
|Preceded by||Othniel Looker|
|Succeeded by||Ethan Allen Brown|
|United States Senator
December 15, 1810 – December 1, 1814
|Preceded by||Return J. Meigs, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Kerr|
April 1, 1803 – March 4, 1807
|Preceded by||Inaugural holder|
|Succeeded by||Edward Tiffin|
|Born||July 16, 1773
Charles Town, Virginia (now West Virginia)
|Died||June 20, 1827 (aged 53)
New York City
Born in Charles Town, Virginia (now West Virginia), Worthington moved to Ross County, Ohio in 1796. The home he eventually built just outside Chillicothe was called Adena and is the namesake of the Adena culture.
He served in the Territorial House of Representatives from 1799 to 1803 and served as a Ross county delegate to the State Constitutional Convention in 1802. He was a leader of the Chillicothe Junto, a group of Chillicothe Democratic-Republican politicians who brought about the admission of Ohio as a state in 1803 and largely controlled its politics for some years thereafter. Among his colleagues in the faction were Nathaniel Massie and Edward Tiffin.
Worthington was elected one of Ohio's first Senators in 1803, serving until 1807. He was returned to the Senate in December 1810 upon the resignation of Return J. Meigs, Jr. and served until December 1814, when he resigned after winning election to the governorship. On June 17, 1812, he voted "No" on the resolution to declare war on Britain, but the vote in favor of war was 19 to 13. He won re-election as governor two years later, moving the state capital from Chillicothe to Columbus. Worthington did not seek re-election in 1818.
In January, 1819, when the election was held to replace the retiring Jeremiah Morrow in the Senate, he held the lead through the first three ballots, only losing when factions aligned behind William A. Trimble on the fourth and final ballot. He narrowly lost a bid for a partial term in the Senate in 1821, losing to the incumbent governor, Ethan Allen Brown, and so he instead returned to the Ohio House of Representatives.
After being the runner-up in the 1808 and 1810 gubernatorial elections, he won the 1814 and 1816 elections by landslide margins. Both times he nearly reached three-quarters of the vote. After two terms he stepped down as Governor.
- "First Constitutional Convention, Convened November 1, 1802". Ohio Archaeological and Historical Publications. V: 131–132. 1896.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Thomas Worthington." Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1936. Biography in Context. Web. 13 Jan. 2016.
- The "Old Northwest" Genealogical Quarterly. April, 1903. Page 34.
- "Thomas Worthington". Find A Grave. Retrieved July 29, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Grandview Cemetery". Grandview Cemetery. Retrieved July 29, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Thomas Worthington at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns, 1787-1825
- Sears, Alfred Byron, Thomas Worthington, father of Ohio statehood, Ohio State University Press for the Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH  | Full text here
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- Thomas Worthington at Ohio History Central
- Ohio Memory
- Adena Mansion & Gardens
- Logan, Ohio Founded by Thomas Worthington
- The Public Career of Thomas Worthington, Doctoral Disseration, Ohio State University, 1932
Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
|Offices and distinctions|