Torzhoksky District

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Torzhoksky District
Торжокский район (Russian)
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Location of Torzhoksky District in Tver Oblast
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The Rachaynya River in the village of Bulatnikovo
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2012)
Administrative center town of Torzhok[1]
Administrative divisions:[citation needed]
rural settlement 22
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Rural localities 459
Municipal structure (as of June 2006)
Municipally incorporated as Torzhoksky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 22
Statistics
Area 3,128 km2 (1,208 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 22,534 inhabitants[5]
• Urban 0%
• Rural 100%
Density 7.2/km2 (19/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Official website
[[:commons:Category:{{#property:Commons category}}|Torzhoksky District]] on WikiCommons

Torzhoksky District (Russian: Торжо́кский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast and borders with Spirovsky District in the north, Likhoslavlsky District in the northeast, Kalininsky District in the east, Staritsky District in the south, Kuvshinovsky District in the west, and with Vyshnevolotsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 3,128 square kilometers (1,208 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the town of Torzhok[1] (which is not administratively a part of the district).[8] Population: 22,534 (2010 Census);[5] 23,856 (2002 Census);[9] 27,376 (1989 Census).[10]

Geography

The whole area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Volga River. A major left tributary of the Volga, the Tvertsa, crosses the district from north to south. Its biggest tributary within the district is the Osuga River (right). The rivers in the northern and the central parts of the district drain to the Tvertsa. The southern part belongs to the drainage basin of the Tma River, also a left tributary of the Volga. The Tma itself crosses the southern part of the district.

History

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanlandia Governorate (since 1710 known as Saint Petersburg Governorate), and in 1727 Novgorod Governorate split off. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates, and the area was transferred to Tver Viceroyalty, which in 1796 was transformed to Tver Governorate. In 1775, Novotorzhsky Uyezd was established, with the center in Torzhok. The southern part of the District belonged to Staritsky Uyezd.

On July 12, 1929 the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Novotorzhsky District, with the administrative center in Torzhok, was established within Tver Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Novotorzhsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast.[11] In February 1963, during the abortive administrative reform by Nikita Khrushchev, Novotorzhsky, Likhoslavlsky, and Kamensky District were merged into a new district which was called Torzhoksky District. On March 4, 1964 Likhoslavlsky District, and on January 12, 1965 Kuvshinovsky District (which occupied the same area as the former Kamensky District) were re-established. Torzhoksky District retained the new name.[11] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

Another district established on 12 July 1929 was Yesenovichsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Yesenovichi. It was a part of Tver Okrug of Moscow Oblast. In 1935, it was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On August 22, 1958 Yesenovichsky District was abolished and split between Vyshnevolotsky, Novotorzhsky, Kamensky, and Firovsky Districts.[11]

On March 5, 1935 Mednovsky District with the center in the selo of Mednoye was established as well on the areas previously belonging to Kalininsky, Likhoslavlsky, and Novotorzhsky Districts. On July 4, 1956 it was abolished and split between Kalininsky and Novotorzhsky Districts.[11]

On 12 July 1929 Lukovnikovsky District, with the center in the selo of Lukovnikovo, was established. It was a part of Rzhev Okrug of Western Oblast. On 29 January 1935 Lukovnikovsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On 14 November 1960 Lukovnikovsky District was abolished and split between Kirovsky, Novotorzhsky, Staritsky, and Rzhevsky Districts.[11]

On 12 July 1929 Vysokovsky District, with the center in the settlement of Vysokoye was created as well. It was a part of Rzhev Okrug of Western Oblast. In 1930, it was abolished. On 1 June 1936, the district was re-established. On 13 February 1963 Vysokovsky District was abolished and merged into Staritsky District.[11] Later, its northern part was transferred to Torzhoksky District.[12]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Torzhoksky District is one of the thirty-six in the oblast.[1] The town of Torzhok serves as its administrative center, despite being incorporated separately as an okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[8]

As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Torzhoksky Municipal District.[3] Torzhok Okrug is incorporated separately from the district as Torzhok Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy

Agriculture

The main agricultural specializations of the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, as well as flax growing.[4]

Transportation

A railway line which connects Likhoslavl with Soblago via Selizharovo crosses the area of the district from east to west and passes Torzhok. Another railway line branches off in Torzhok and heads south to Rzhev via Vysokoye. Both lines are served by infrequent passenger traffic.

The M10 highway, which connects Moscow and St. Petersburg, crosses the district from south to north. In Torzhok, a road to Ostashkov branches off to the west. There is also a road connecting Torzhok with Staritsa. There are local roads as well, with the bus traffic originating from Torzhok.

Culture and recreation

File:Znameniya Wooden Church in Vasilevo.jpg
The church of the Theotokos of the Sign, Vasilyovo.

The district contains 127 cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally 178 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. Most of the federal monuments are the buildings which belong to the ensembles of country estates, including the Gruziny Estate (18th century, the main house was built by Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli) and the Znamenskoye-Rayok Estate (also the 18th century, architect Nikolay Lvov), as well as exhibits of the Vasilyovo Ethnographic Museum.[13]

The ethnographic museum in Vasilyovo, just outside Torzhok, is located in the district and focuses on the wooden architecture of Tver Oblast. The museum is located in the former Lvov estate, originally built in the 18th century.[14]

References

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 254», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 254, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Law #4-ZO
  3. 3.0 3.1 Law #49-ZO
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Визитная карточка Торжокского района (in Russian). Torzhoksky District Administration. Retrieved November 9, 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1". Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. 8.0 8.1 Law #34-ZO
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved March 1, 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Малыгин, П. Д.; Смирнов, С. Н. (2007). История административно-территориального деления Тверской Области (PDF). Tver. pp. 14–15. OCLC 540329541.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved November 10, 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Архитектурно-этнографический музей под открытым небом "Василёво" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved November 10, 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Sources

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №34-ЗО от 17 апреля 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области», в ред. Закона №66-ЗО от 1 октября 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 18 Закона Тверской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №17 (специальный выпуск), 19 апреля 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #34-ZO of April 17, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast, as amended by the Law #66-ZO of October 1, 2014 On Amending Article 18 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Template:RussiaAdmMunRef/tve/munlist0
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №49-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Торжокский район", и наделении их статусом сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №52-ЗО от 6 июня 2006 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Тверской области, регулирующие вопросы установления границ муниципальных образований Тверской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #49-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Torzhoksky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #52-ZO of June 6, 2006 On Amending Various Laws of Tver Oblast Dealing with the Issues of Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).