Ukrainian Soviet Republic

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Ukrainian Soviet Republic
Украинская Советская Республика
Republics of the Soviet Union of the Russian SFSR




Flag of Ukraine


Capital Kharkiv
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Government Republics of the Soviet Union
Historical era World War I
 •  Established 19 March 1918
 •  Soviet forces withdrawn April 1918
 •  Liquidation April 1918
Today part of

The Ukrainian Soviet Republic (Russian: Украинская Советская Республика) was one of the names of Ukrainian Republic (Ukrainian People's Republic) used equally in the official papers of one of that day governments of Ukrainian People's Republic, a pro-Bolshevik Soviet government resided in Kharkiv.


The history of Ukrainian Republic as Ukrainian Soviet Republic and its government begins from 24-25 December 1917 when in Kharkiv the First All-Ukrainian Congress of Councils (radas, soviets) was conducted, which declared Ukraine as Ukrainian Republic, Ukrainian Republic of Councils – Ukrainian Soviet Republic. Congress made a decision to get close alliance with Russian Republic (also Soviet) and elected Central Executive Committee (Ukrainian: ЦВК).

It was reformed on March 19, 1918 at the Second All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets in Yekaterinoslav, following the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR) on March 3. Soviet government and people, who supported it were closely allied with Russian Soviet Republic. After the victory of the Soviet government in Ukraine Ukrainian People's Republic was officially rebranded in Ukrainian Soviet Republic and then Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic which became one of co-founders of Soviet Union.

Military forces of soviet government of Ukrainian Republic of that time are known as Red Cossacks Army, later integral part of Red Army of the Soviet Union.

The Republic united the Ukrainian People's Republic of Soviets, the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic and the Odessa Soviet Republic as part of the Russian SFSR. It was soon overrun, however, by forces of the Central Powers and the Ukrainian People's Republic.

On April 18, 1918, in Taganrog,[1] the next session of the Central Executive Committee of Soviets announced that the government of Soviet Ukraine, the Central Executive Committee of Ukraine and the People's Secretariat were now combined as the "Ukrainian Bureau" to guide the insurgent struggle against the German occupation.