University of Basel

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University of Basel
Universität Basel
Uni basel logo.svg
Latin: Universitas Basiliensis
Established 1460
Type Public
Endowment CHF538,9 million
Rector Andrea Schenker-Wicki[1]
Academic staff
317
Students 12,955
Location Basel, Basel-City, Switzerland
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Affiliations Utrecht Network
Website www.unibas.ch
Old University Basel

The University of Basel (German: Universität Basel) is located in Basel, Switzerland, and is considered to be one of the leading universities in the country. In 2012, QS World University Rankings[2] ranked the university 121st overall in the world, while two years before it was ranked 96–98th worldwide according to the Russian-based Global University Ranking.[3] In 2012, the ARWU[4] ranked the university as the 85th best worldwide. The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015/16 listed the university in 101st position.[5]

History

Inauguration ceremony of the University of Basel, 1460

Founded in 1460, it is Switzerland's oldest university.[6]

Erasmus, Paracelsus, Daniel Bernoulli, Jacob Burckhardt, Leonhard Euler, Friedrich Nietzsche, Eugen Huber, Carl Jung, Karl Barth, Hermann Peter,[7] and Hans Urs von Balthasar are among those associated with the university.

The University of Basel was founded in connection with the Council of Basel. The deed of foundation given in the form of a Papal bull by Pope Pius II on November 12, 1459, and the official opening ceremony was held on April 4, 1460.[8] Originally the University of Basel was decreed to have four faculties—arts, medicine, theology and jurisprudence. The faculty of arts served until 1818 as foundation for the other three academic subjects. In the eighteenth century as Basel became more commercial, the university, one of the centers of learning in the Renaissance, slipped into insignificance. Enrollment which had been over a thousand around 1600, dropped to sixty in 1785 with eighteen professors. The professors themselves were mostly sons of the elite.[9]

Over the course of centuries as many scholars came to the city, Basel became an early center of book printing and humanism. Around the same time as the university itself, the Basel University Library was founded. Today it has over three million books and writings and is the largest library in Switzerland.

In 1830 the Canton of Basel split in two with the Federal Diet requiring that the canton's assets, including the books at the University library, be divided—two thirds going to the new half canton of Basel-Landschaft. The city, Basel-Stadt, had to buy back this share and the university became so impoverished that it drastically reduced its course offerings. Students were expected to continue their education after two years or so at a German university. In 1835 the enrollment at the university was forty students, mostly from the area.[9]

At the end of the 1990s the University entered a period of crisis; the management of the University was strongly criticized; Vice-Rector Gian-Reto Plattner wrote that "when no solution is found, the University must be closed. That would be more honest than allowing it to sink to the level of a simple college."[10]

Organization

Faculties

2

Student associations

  • Fachgruppen
2

Notable alumni

Associated institutions

See also

Notes and references

  1. https://www.unibas.ch/en/University/Management-Organization/Rectorate/The-Rector.html
  2. "QS World University Rankings". Topuniversities. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "globaluniversitiesranking.org" (PDF). globaluniversitiesranking.org. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2012". shanghairanking. Retrieved 23 May 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Times Higher Education World University Ranking 2015/16". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 1 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "University of Basel". http://www.studyinginswitzerland.ch. External link in |journal= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Borchardt, Frank L. (1966). "The Topos of Critical Rejection in the Renaissance". Modern Language Notes. 81 (4): 476–88. doi:10.2307/2908074.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "History Basel". https://www.basel.com. External link in |journal= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 Grossman, Lionel, Basel in the age of Burckhardt (Chicago, 2000) p. 35, and note 20; p. 118
  10. Plattner, Gian-Reto. Basler Zeitung, 29 August 2000, pp. 3–4
  11. "Theologische Fakultät". Pages.unibas.ch. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Juristische Fakultät Universität Basel". Ius.unibas.ch. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Webseite der Medizinischen Fakultät Basel". Medizin.unibas.ch. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Philosophisch-Historische Fakultät". Philhist.unibas.ch. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Philosophisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät". Philnat.unibas.ch. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "WWZ: Home". Wwz.unibas.ch. 26 September 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Fakultät für Psychologie". Psycho.unibas.ch. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Europainstitut der Universitat Basel
  19. "MGU - home". Programm-mgu.ch. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. http://www.fmi.ch/
  21. "Willkommen auf der Homepage der FG Informatik". Fg-informatik.unibas.ch. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "Fachgruppe 14 – Uni Basel". Pages.unibas.ch. 3 July 2007. Retrieved 12 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "FG Computational Sciences". Fg-cosci.unibas.ch. Retrieved 2 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links