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Bhikkhuni Uppalavannā
Religious career
Teacher Buddha

Uppalavannā (Chinese: 蓮華色比丘尼 or 優缽華色比丘尼) was considered to be one of the two chief female disciples of the Buddha, the other being Khema.

She was the daughter of a wealthy merchant and was known for her great beauty. Her name means "one with the hue of the blue lotus".

Family life and renunciation

She was the daughter of a businessman from Savatthi (Shravasti). She was named Uppalavanna because her complexion was that of a blue lotus. She was so beautiful that when she came of age, powerful and wealthy suitors sent messengers to her father asking for her hand. Not wanting to displease so many people, he suggested that she become a bhikkhuni. She agreed and became a nun. She quickly progressed in meditation and became an Arahant (fully liberated). [1]

Life as a nun

Buddha declared her to be the foremost in supernormal powers among the nuns.[2]

Samyutta Nikaya V.5, the Uppalavanna Sutta, is attributed to her:

Then the bhikkhuni Uppalavanna, having understood, "This is Mara the Evil One," replied to him in verses:
Though a hundred thousand rogues
Just like you might come here,
I stir not a hair, I feel no terror;
Even alone, Mara, I don't fear you.
I can make myself disappear
Or I can enter inside your belly.
I can stand between your eyebrows
Yet you won't catch a glimpse of me.
I am the master of my own mind,
The bases of power are well developed;
I am freed from every kind of bondage,
Therefore I don't fear you, friend.
Then Mara the Evil One, realizing, "The bhikkhuni Uppalavanna knows me," sad and disappointed, disappeared right there.[3]

See also


  1. Commentary Uppalavanna Sutta (n.d.).
  2. Etadaggavagga ("These are the Foremost Chapter," AN 1.14) (Uppalavanna, n.d.), verse 237.
  3. Uppalavanna Sutta (SN 5.5) (Bodhi, 1997).


External links