Varaztad Kazanjian

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Dr. Varaztad Kazanjian (1879–1974) was an oral surgeon, of Armenian origin, who pioneered techniques for plastic surgery and is considered to be the founder of the modern practice of plastic surgery.[1][2][3] He graduated from Harvard School of Dental Medicine in 1905. He served as professor of oral surgery from 1922–1939 and he was the first to hold the title of Professor of plastic surgery at Harvard Medical School. He also co-authored the first concise book on plastic surgery.

Dr. Kazanjian's brother's daughter was actress and television celebrity Arlene Francis (Kazanjian-Gabel).


Dr. Kazanjian was born in Erzincan, Ottoman Empire on March 18, 1879.[3] He left to the United States in October 1895. He settled in Worcester, Massachusetts, and took a job in the local wire factory. It was at the mill that Dr. Kazanjian first displayed the natural dexterity that would serve him so well in the field of plastic surgery.

After attaining United States citizenship in 1900, he decided to try for a career as a dentist, and in 1902 was accepted by Harvard Dental School, qualifying in 1905.[4][5]

First World War

He was married and successfully running his own dental practice when the First World War broke out, but he volunteered to join the Harvard Medical Corps, posted to a huge tented hospital complex in Camiers, France where he served British forces.[4] There he began to treat some of the worst injuries suffered in trench war-fare - jaws, noses, cheeks and skulls shattered by bullets and grenades.[3] Working under primitive conditions in makeshift hospitals near the battlefields of France, Varaztad H. Kazanjian exhibited humane concern combined with innovative medical procedures that established his reputation and marked his subsequent career as a founder of the modern practice of plastic surgery. He was subsequently promoted to the rank of major in June 1916.[5]


Dr. Kazanjian was Professor of Clinical Oral Surgery at Harvard from 1922 to 1941 when he was named Harvard's first Professor of Plastic Surgery. In addition, Dr. Kazanjian was past President of the American Association of Plastic Surgeons, the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgery, and the New England Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. He was also a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, and the American College of Dentists, and a Diplomat of the American Board of Plastic Surgery. He was made an Honorary Fellow of the British Association of Plastic Surgeons in London in 1966 and of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons in Glasgow in 1967. He was also an honorary member of the Massachusetts Dental Society, the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and of the Academy of Oral Surgery.

Awards and recognition

He was awarded several awards including the Order of St Michael and St George by the King George V of England.[3]

In 1951, he was awarded the Honorary Award of the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons.[4]


  1. DiCanio, Margaret (2002). Memory fragments from the Armenian genocide : a mosaic of shared heritage. New York: Mystery and Suspense Press. p. 89. ISBN 0595238653.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Coon, Carleton S. (2013). Caravan - The Story of Middle East. Read Books Ltd. ISBN 1446547078. Dr. Varaztad Kazanjian of Boston is the father of plastic surgery<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Adalian, Rouben Paul (2010). Historical dictionary of Armenia (2nd ed.). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 378. ISBN 0810874504.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Converse, John Marquis (April 1975). "Obiturary". Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 55 (4): 524–5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 Hyson, John M.; Whitehorne, Joseph W. A.; Greenwood, John T. (2008). A history of dentistry in the US Army to World War II. Falls Church, Va.: Office of the Surgeon General, United States Army. p. 494. ISBN 0160821592.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>